Selected Readings for Spiritual Seekers and New Believers

Rondall E. Jones, Ph.D.

2nd Edition


Note: This book is available in paperback for $7 on


All rights reserved for all material which is not a direct excerpt from the Holy Bible. Holy Bible quotations in this book are taken from the World English Bible, which has been placed in the public domain.

The cover art is by Patricia Allred (1934-2009). It is a scene from the first chapter of Revelation in the Holy Bible where Jesus is standing among seven candle stands. The original has been cropped here. See

Table of Contents

Introduction to This Book                         3

A Synopsis of the Old Testament       5

The Good News According to Matthew   11

The Good News According to Luke  13

The Acts of the Apostles                         59

Paul’s Letter to the Ephesians      87

The Letter from James..... .   95

The Revelation to John...... . 101

Going On with Christ.. 109



Introduction to This Book

The purpose of this book is to make it much easier for you to read for yourself the Good News (or Gospel) of salvation through faith in Jesus Christ.

The Biblical texts in this book are part of all Christian Bibles, whether Protestant, Catholic, or Orthodox. Nothing has been added or subtracted to bias the reader toward any particular denomination. The translation used here is the public domain World English Bible. The World English Bible is a revision of the earlier American Standard Version (1901).

The material we have selected from the New Testament to include in this short book is what we think is essential to understanding the message of Christianity. We feel it is beneficial to put this set of extracts together in a small volume so it can be read through with minimal confusion and distraction. This material is about one fourth of the New Testament. The order of these selections is that same as they appear in the New Testament.

We have added explanatory notes where we felt such notes were needed to understand the text. These are parenthesized and in italics like this …

(This is a comment by the author of this book.)

Where appropriate, for clarity, to indicate that material has been deleted we put an ellipsis in parenthesis like this:

( . . . ) 

If you are new to the Holy Scriptures, please note that the Bible consists of 66 “books”, of which 27 are in the New Testament. For convenience of reference, standard chapter and verse numbers were added to the Biblical text many centuries ago. For example, “John 3:16” refers to the “book” of John, 3rd “chapter”, 16th “verse”.


A Synopsis of the Old Testament

This chapter is a summary of events of the Old Testament which may give the reader a better understanding of the background of the New Testament. All these events preceded the events of the New Testament. You are invited to skip this chapter if you prefer and go directly to the next chapter to begin reading about the coming of Jesus Christ. You can always return and read this chapter later if you decide you want this background information.

The Old Testament is approximately the Hebrew Bible, which was written over a period of more than a thousand years, ending well before the birth of Christ. It was written mostly in Hebrew and contains at least 39 separate “books”, depending on which version is being used: Orthodox, Catholic, or Protestant.

The first book of the Old Testament is Genesis. It covers many historical events. Genesis begins with a description of the creation of the world and other heavenly bodies which is very different from all other preceding ancient creation stories. Most of those depicted creation as resulting from great struggles between god-like figures. But Genesis depicts all the acts of creation as simple tasks for the one and only Almighty God: He spoke, and things became as He said, including the sun, moon, stars, and earth; the land, seas, and skies of earth; and the plants, animals and people of earth.

God’s creation finished with man, and specifically with Adam and Eve, who are described as sinless and in a perfect environment called the Garden of Eden. But sin and evil entered the world when Adam and Eve disobeyed God’s directive not to eat of the “Tree of Knowledge of God and Evil”, and they were excluded from their perfect environment and sent to farm an imperfect earth for their existence.

Adam and Eve and their descendants lived very long lives and had many children, who began to populate the earth. About a thousand years after Adam, humans had populated the whole Middle East and possibly much further. But their sinful nature inherited through Adam and Eve lead them to such evil lives that God decided to destroy most people on earth by a huge flood. God commanded Noah, one of the few right-living persons, to build a large ark as a haven during the flood. In turn, Noah’s family was saved, as were many animal species. God then promised Noah that He would never destroy the people on earth with a flood again. This arrangement is referred to as a “covenant’. It was the first of a sequence of covenants which defined or redefined the relationship of God and man.

About another thousand years later, when the world was even more widely populated than before, God chose the man Abraham to begin a group of His specially chosen people. Abraham was chosen because of his great faith in God. Abraham was promised that he would have so many descendants that they would number like the grains of sand by the sea, and that they would be given the land where the Canaanites and other idol-worshipping peoples were currently living. (This area, called the “Promised Land”, was roughly where Lebanon and Israel are today.) In turn, God required that Abraham and his descendants obey His laws and worship only Him. This was the second covenant between God and man. As an initial act in this covenant Abraham was told to move his family from where he was living, near what is now Iraq, to the Promised Land. In addition, God decreed that all male descendants of Abraham be circumscribed. 

Abraham’s family grew for the next century or so in the Promised Land and began to be called Israelites because of the new name God gave to Abraham’s grandson, Jacob. Jacob had a vision in which God renewed His covenant with Abraham by confirming that Jacob and his family were now the focus of that covenant, and that the whole world would be blessed through them. (Christians look to this promise to Jacob as one of the first clear indications that Jesus Christ would be born to descendants of Jacob.) Eventually Jacob and his family of about seventy persons were forced to move to Egypt because of a prolonged time of poor harvests. Genesis ends with the Israelites living in Egypt.

About four centuries later God led the Israelites – now numbering many thousands – out of Egypt through the leadership of Moses. Their intention was to return to the Promised Land. But Moses and the Israelites paused for a generation, or forty years, in the wilderness southeast of the promised land, due to the lack of faith of that generation of Israelites. They did not believe they could defeat the intimidating forces of the people then living in the Promised Land, even with God’s help. Early in this forty-year period Moses received the Ten Commandments directly from God. These were written on tablets of stone by God himself while Moses was on the top of Mount Sinai. The events of Moses’ time and the full Law he was given are recorded in the Old Testament books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. The book of Leviticus contains extensive rules for how Israelites who break God’s law can be forgiven through various animal sacrifices. (Christians consider these animal sacrifices to have been an imperfect, temporary arrangement for sinners to be forgiven, up until Christ became the perfect, permanent sacrifice for all sin through His death on the cross.)

After those forty years, a new generation of Israelites, now better equipped and under the leadership of Joshua, gained control of the Promised Land. The proverbial Battle of Jericho occurred early in this effort. Each Israeli “tribe”, which had descended from one of Jacob’s twelve sons, was given a territory in or near the Promised Land for their permanent home. There were two exceptions: the Levites were given the specific job of caring for and serving in the Temple, and were not farmers, so were not given land. And the tribe of Joseph was honored by splitting it in two, giving each of Joseph’s two sons equal status with their uncles as leaders of tribes. These events are described in the book of Joshua.

A period of relative calm ensued, during which Israel had no single leader like Moses. Instead, God occasionally raised up leaders referred to as “Judges” to deal with specific issues or crises. Samson is perhaps the most famous of these Judges. Later, God raised up special “Prophets” as spiritual leaders for the nation of Israel. But there were still no specific political leaders. The events of this era are recorded in the Old Testament book of Judges.

About 400 years from the time of Moses, the people of Israel begged the primary prophet of that time, Samuel, to appoint a king to be their political leader, like other nations around Israel had. Thus began half a millennium of leadership of Israel by a long sequence of kings. Samuel appointed Saul as the first King, then David as the second. David’s son, Solomon, who is still known for his exceptional knowledge and wisdom, became the third king. David and Solomon were perhaps the best kings of Israel in this whole multi-century period. Solomon was charged by God with building a magnificent temple as a replacement for the portable tents that had been used to house holy artifacts and conduct required rituals.

After Solomon died, his Son Rehoboam became king. But God allowed Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, to lead the Northern tribes in a secession from the Southern Tribes because of resentment over taxation. After this there were two kings: one for the Northern Kingdom and one for the Southern Kingdom. The Southern Kingdom consisted principally of the tribes of Judah, Benjamin, and the Levites who served in the temple in Jerusalem. Most members of the other tribes became part of the Northern Kingdom. The Northern Kingdom lacked a clear replacement for the Temple in Jerusalem, which was an ongoing problem to them. These events are recorded in the books of 1st and 2nd Samuel, 1st and 2nd Kings, and 1st and 2nd Chronicles.

The period of the Kings ended badly. The people repeatedly strayed from the Temple worship that the Law required and instead worshipped the idols of the local cultures that they had failed to eradicate when they took over the Promised Land. Such idol worship often involved practices detestable to God, such as infant sacrifice and “sacred” prostitution. Many prophets were sent by God to both the Northern and the Southern Kingdoms warning of their apostasy and sin. Eventually, God allowed Assyria, which had become a powerful neighbor country east of the Northern Kingdom, to repeatedly invade the territory of the Northern Kingdom and carry off many captives. The Northern Kingdom was never reconstructed, and those tribes are sometimes called the Lost Tribes of Israel. These northern tribes were not entirely carried away or absorbed by Assyria, as attested in part by the persistence till this day of some Northern Kingdom tribe names, such as Asher, as surnames of Jews. But they ceased to have a definable identity, territory or government.

Somewhat later, God used the nation of Babylon, which was geographically roughly modern-day Iraq, to invade and defeat the Southern Kingdom and carry many of the people away to Babylon. A remnant of the Southern tribes remained in the Promised Land, but the Temple had been destroyed and their life was disorganized. These events are recorded in the books of Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Lamentations.

Israel -- now referring to only the Southern Kingdom -- was captive in Babylon for seventy years, as predicted by the prophet Jeremiah. The prophets Ezekiel and Daniel prophesied to the captives while they were in Babylon about their situation and their future return to the Promised Land. Then a new king, Cyrus, came into power in Babylon and he was receptive to the idea of some of the Jews (as they were now called) returning to the Promised Land and rebuilding Jerusalem, including its protective walls, and the Temple. These events are described in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. The returning Jews were eventually able to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem, and a semblance of the original temple, though it was very much less wonderful than the temple built under Solomon. After the Babylonian captivity, Israel never again fell into idol worship. And many Israelites remained in Babylon, resulting in wider dispersion of Jews.

Various details and stories relating to the period of the Kings, the captivity, and the return to the Promised Land are given in the twelve minor prophet books of Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zachariah, and Malachi. These prophets are referred to as “minor” because their recorded messages are relatively short – not because their messages were unimportant.

This concludes the story told in the books of history and prophecy in the Protestant Old Testament, except for the two short books of Esther and Ruth which are more personal stories. Other books in the Old Testament include the books commonly referred to as poetic or wisdom books, including Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon.

The Catholic Bible and the Orthodox Bible each contain several other books from the period between where the Protestant Bible ends and the birth of Christ. The major historic books of these Bibles are 1st and 2nd Maccabees (and 3rd and 4th Maccabees in the Orthodox Bible). During the period covered by these writings, Greece and Greek, or “Hellenistic”, culture came to dominate much of the known world of that time through the conquests of Alexander the Great. After his death, his kingdom was divided into four parts. One of those parts, the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire, came to rule a large territory from portions of modern day Turkey eastward almost to India, and including the land of Israel. This empire heavily suppressed non-Hellenistic cultures and came close to wiping out Jewish culture completely. But a Jewish leader, Judas Maccabeus, led a revolt against the Seleucid rulers. A sequence of wars commenced, with independence of the Jews from these oppressors finally fully accomplished shortly after the death of Judas Maccabeus. His death inspired a final push by other Jewish leaders. But considerable Hellenistic influence remained, as exhibited by the fact that the New Testament was written largely in Greek.

Following these events there was a century or so before the birth of Christ which is not documented in any canonical Christian texts. During this time the Roman government became the ruling political and military force in the Promised Land. One of the Roman leaders, Herod, in order to gain favor with the Jewish people, rebuilt the Jewish Temple that had been built in Nehemiah’s time, changing it into a magnificent building.

This was the status of government at the time of the birth of Christ, which is the point where the New Testament books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John take up. As the New Testament begins the Jews are under Roman domination but are basically going about their lives and performing the rituals of their law. But they also were expecting the prophesied Messiah to appear at any time. They were expecting that Messiah to rescue them from Roman domination. But God was planning something much bigger.


The Good News According to Matthew

(There are four “Gospels”, or stories of “Good news about Christ”, in the New Testament: those of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. The first few chapters of Matthew provide background on the birth of Christ that is not in any of the other three Gospels. Matthew was a Jewish tax collector who became an early disciple of Jesus.)

Chapter 1

( . . . )  118 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was like this: After his mother, Mary, was engaged to Joseph, before they came together, she was found pregnant by the Holy Spirit. 119 Joseph, her husband, being a righteous man, and not willing to make her a public example, intended to put her away secretly. 120 But when he thought about these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying,

“Joseph, son of David, don’t be afraid to take to yourself Mary, your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. 121 She shall give birth to a son. You shall call his name Jesus, for it is he who shall save his people from their sins.”

122 Now all this has happened that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying,

123 “Behold, the virgin shall be with child,

and shall give birth to a son.

They shall call his name Immanuel;”

which is, being interpreted, “God with us.”

124 Joseph arose from his sleep, and did as the angel of the Lord commanded him, and took his wife to himself; 125 and didn’t know her sexually until she had given birth to her firstborn son. He named him Jesus. 1

Chapter 2

21 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of King Herod, behold, wise men from the east came to Jerusalem, saying, 22 “Where is he who is born King of the Jews? For we saw his star in the east, and have come to worship him.” 23 When King Herod heard it, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. 24 Gathering together all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he asked them where the Christ would be born. 25 They said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for this is written through the prophet,

26 ‘You Bethlehem, land of Judah,

are in no way least among the princes of Judah:

for out of you shall come a governor,

who shall shepherd my people, Israel.’”

27 Then Herod secretly called the wise men, and learned from them exactly what time the star appeared. 28 He sent them to Bethlehem, and said, “Go and search diligently for the young child. When you have found him, bring me word, so that I also may come and worship him.”

29 They, having heard the king, went their way; and behold, the star, which they saw in the east, went before them, until it came and stood over where the young child was. 210 When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceedingly great joy. 211 They came into the house and saw the young child with Mary, his mother, and they fell down and worshiped him. Opening their treasures, they offered to him gifts: gold, frankincense, and myrrh. 212 Being warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they went back to their own country another way.

213 Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, “Arise and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and stay there until I tell you, for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.”

214 He arose and took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt, 215 and was there until the death of Herod; that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, “Out of Egypt I called my son.”

216 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked by the wise men, was exceedingly angry, and sent out, and killed all the male children who were in Bethlehem and in all the surrounding countryside, from two years old and under, according to the exact time which he had learned from the wise men. 217 Then that which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying,

218 “A voice was heard in Ramah,

lamentation, weeping and great mourning,

Rachel weeping for her children;

she wouldn’t be comforted,

because they are no more.”

219 But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, saying, 220 “Arise and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel, for those who sought the young child’s life are dead.”

221 He arose and took the young child and his mother, and came into the land of Israel. 222 But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in the place of his father, Herod, he was afraid to go there. Being warned in a dream, he withdrew into the region of Galilee, 223 and came and lived in a city called Nazareth; that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophets that he will be called a Nazarene.

(Now we proceed to Luke, who begins his gospel account after the above details.)

The Good News According to Luke

(This Gospel was written by Luke the Apostle, who was the only Gentile, or non-Jew, to write a book of the Bible. He was a physician and paid attention to details.)

Chapter 1

11 Since many have undertaken to set in order a narrative concerning those matters which have been fulfilled among us, 12 even as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of the word delivered them to us, 13 it seemed good to me also, having traced the course of all things accurately from the first, to write to you in order, most excellent Theophilus; 14 that you might know the certainty concerning the things in which you were instructed.

15 There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the priestly division of Abijah. He had a wife of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. 16 They were both righteous before God, walking blamelessly in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord. 17 But they had no child, because Elizabeth was barren, and they both were well advanced in years. 18 Now while he executed the priest’s office before God in the order of his division, 19 according to the custom of the priest’s office, his lot was to enter into the temple of the Lord and burn incense. 110 The whole multitude of the people were praying outside at the hour of incense.

111 An angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing on the right side of the altar of incense. 112 Zacharias was troubled when he saw him, and fear fell upon him. 113 But the angel said to him, “Don’t be afraid, Zacharias, because your request has been heard, and your wife, Elizabeth, will bear you a son, and you shall call his name John. 114 You will have joy and gladness; and many will rejoice at his birth. 115 For he will be great in the sight of the Lord, and he will drink no wine nor strong drink. He will be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb. 116 He will turn many of the children of Israel to the Lord, their God. 117 He will go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah, ‘to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children,’ and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to prepare a people prepared for the Lord.”

118 Zacharias said to the angel, “How can I be sure of this? For I am an old man, and my wife is well advanced in years.”

119 The angel answered him, “I am Gabriel, who stands in the presence of God. I was sent to speak to you, and to bring you this good news. 120 Behold, you will be silent and not able to speak, until the day that these things will happen, because you didn’t believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their proper time.”

121 The people were waiting for Zacharias, and they marveled that he delayed in the temple. 122 When he came out, he could not speak to them, and they perceived that he had seen a vision in the temple. He continued making signs to them, and remained mute. 123 When the days of his service were fulfilled, he departed to his house. 124 After these days Elizabeth, his wife, conceived, and she hid herself five months, saying, 125 “Thus has the Lord done to me in the days in which he looked at me, to take away my reproach among men.”

126 Now in the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, 127 to a virgin pledged to be married to a man whose name was Joseph, of David’s house. The virgin’s name was Mary. 128 Having come in, the angel said to her, “Rejoice, you highly favored one! The Lord is with you. Blessed are you among women!”

129 But when she saw him, she was greatly troubled at the saying, and considered what kind of salutation this might be. 130 The angel said to her, “Don’t be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 131 Behold, you will conceive in your womb, and give birth to a son, and will call his name ‘Jesus.’ 132 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father, David, 133 and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever. There will be no end to his Kingdom.”

134 Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, seeing I am a virgin?”

135 The angel answered her, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore also the holy one who is born from you will be called the Son of God. 136 Behold, Elizabeth, your relative, also has conceived a son in her old age; and this is the sixth month with her who was called barren. 137 For nothing spoken by God is impossible.”

138 Mary said, “Behold, the servant of the Lord; let it be done to me according to your word.”

The angel departed from her. 139 Mary arose in those days and went into the hill country with haste, into a city of Judah, 140 and entered into the house of Zacharias and greeted Elizabeth. 141 When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 142 She called out with a loud voice, and said, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 143 Why am I so favored, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 144 For behold, when the voice of your greeting came into my ears, the baby leaped in my womb for joy! 145 Blessed is she who believed, for there will be a fulfillment of the things which have been spoken to her from the Lord!”

1Mary said,

“My soul magnifies the Lord.

My spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior, for he has looked at the humble state of his servant.

For behold, from now on, all generations will call me blessed.

For he who is mighty has done great things for me.

Holy is his name.

His mercy is for generations of generations on those who fear him.

He has shown strength with his arm.

He has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts.

He has put down princes from their thrones. And has exalted the lowly.

He has filled the hungry with good things. He has sent the rich away empty.

He has given help to Israel, his servant, that he might remember mercy, as he spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and his offspring forever.”


156 Mary stayed with her about three months, and then returned to her house.

57 Now the time that Elizabeth should give birth was fulfilled, and she gave birth to a son. 158 Her neighbors and her relatives heard that the Lord had magnified his mercy toward her, and they rejoiced with her. 159 On the eighth day, they came to circumcise the child; and they would have called him Zacharias, after the name of his father. 160 His mother answered, “Not so; but he will be called John.”

161 They said to her, “There is no one among your relatives who is called by this name.” 162 They made signs to his father, what he would have him called.

163 He asked for a writing tablet, and wrote, “His name is John.”

They all marveled. 164 His mouth was opened immediately, and his tongue freed, and he spoke, blessing God. 165 Fear came on all who lived around them, and all these sayings were talked about throughout all the hill country of Judea. 166 All who heard them laid them up in their heart, saying, “What then will this child be?” The hand of the Lord was with him. 167 His father, Zacharias, was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied, saying,

“Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, for he has visited and redeemed his people;

and has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David (as he spoke by the mouth of his holy prophets who have been from of old), salvation from our enemies, and from the hand of all who hate us;

to show mercy toward our fathers, to remember his holy covenant,

the oath which he swore to Abraham, our father, to grant to us that we, being delivered out of the hand of our enemies, should serve him without fear, in holiness and righteousness before him all the days of our life.

And you, child, will be called a prophet of the Most High, for you will go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways, to give knowledge of salvation to his people by the remission of their sins,

because of the tender mercy of our God, by which the dawn from on high will visit us, to shine on those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death; to guide our feet into the way of peace.”


180 The child was growing, and becoming strong in spirit, and was in the desert until the day of his public appearance to Israel. 1

Chapter 2

21 Now in those days, a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be enrolled. 22 This was the first enrollment made when Quirinius was governor of Syria. 23 All went to enroll themselves, everyone to his own city. 24 Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to David’s city, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David; 25 to enroll himself with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him as wife, being pregnant.

26 While they were there, the day had come for her to give birth. 27 She gave birth to her firstborn son. She wrapped him in bands of cloth, and laid him in a feeding trough, because there was no room for them in the inn. 28 There were shepherds in the same country staying in the field, and keeping watch by night over their flock. 29 Behold, an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. 210 The angel said to them, “Don’t be afraid, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy which will be to all the people. 211 For there is born to you today, in David’s city, a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 212 This is the sign to you: you will find a baby wrapped in strips of cloth, lying in a feeding trough.” 213 Suddenly, there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly army praising God, and saying,

2Glory to God in the highest,

on earth peace, good will toward men.”

215 When the angels went away from them into the sky, the shepherds said to one another, “Let’s go to Bethlehem, now, and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has made known to us.” 216 They came with haste, and found both Mary and Joseph, and the baby was lying in the feeding trough. 217 When they saw it, they publicized widely the saying which was spoken to them about this child. 218 All who heard it wondered at the things which were spoken to them by the shepherds. 219 But Mary kept all these sayings, pondering them in her heart. 220 The shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, just as it was told them.

221 When eight days were fulfilled for the circumcision of the child, his name was called Jesus, which was given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.

222 When the days of their purification according to the law of Moses were fulfilled, they brought him up to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord 223 (as it is written in the law of the Lord, “Every male who opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”), 224 and to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, “A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.”

225 Behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon. This man was righteous and devout, looking for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was on him. 226 It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he should not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. 227 He came in the Spirit into the temple. When the parents brought in the child, Jesus, that they might do concerning him according to the custom of the law, 228 then he received him into his arms, and blessed God, and said,

2Now you are releasing your servant, Master, according to your word, in peace;

2for my eyes have seen your salvation, which you have prepared before the face of all peoples;

2a light for revelation to the nations, and the glory of your people Israel.”

233 Joseph and his mother were marveling at the things which were spoken concerning him, 234 and Simeon blessed them, and said to Mary, his mother, “Behold, this child is set for the falling and the rising of many in Israel, and for a sign which is spoken against. 235 Yes, a sword will pierce through your own soul, that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.”

236 There was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher (she was of a great age, having lived with a husband seven years from her virginity, 237 and she had been a widow for about eighty-four years), who didn’t depart from the temple, worshiping with fastings and petitions night and day. 238 Coming up at that very hour, she gave thanks to the Lord, and spoke of him to all those who were looking for redemption in Jerusalem.

239 When they had accomplished all things that were according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city, Nazareth. 240 The child was growing, and was becoming strong in spirit, being filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was upon him. 241 His parents went every year to Jerusalem at the feast of the Passover.

242 When he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem according to the custom of the feast, 243 and when they had fulfilled the days, as they were returning, the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem. Joseph and his mother didn’t know it, 244but supposing him to be in the company, they went a day’s journey, and they looked for him among their relatives and acquaintances. 245 When they didn’t find him, they returned to Jerusalem, looking for him. 246 After three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the middle of the teachers, both listening to them, and asking them questions. 247 All who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers. 248 When they saw him, they were astonished, and his mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us this way? Behold, your father and I were anxiously looking for you.”

249 He said to them, “Why were you looking for me? Didn’t you know that I must be in my Father’s house?” 250 They didn’t understand the saying which he spoke to them. 251 And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth. He was subject to them, and his mother kept all these sayings in her heart. 252 And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men. 2

Chapter 3

31 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, 32 in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness. 33 He came into all the region around the Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for remission of sins. 34 As it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet,

“The voice of one crying in the wilderness,

‘Make ready the way of the Lord.

Make his paths straight.

3Every valley will be filled.

Every mountain and hill will be brought low.

The crooked will become straight,

and the rough ways smooth.

3All flesh will see God’s salvation.’”


37 He said therefore to the multitudes who went out to be baptized by him, “You offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 38 Therefore produce fruits worthy of repentance, and don’t begin to say among yourselves, ‘We have Abraham for our father;’ for I tell you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones! 39 Even now the ax also lies at the root of the trees. Every tree therefore that doesn’t produce good fruit is cut down, and thrown into the fire.”

310 The multitudes asked him, “What then must we do?”

311 He answered them, “He who has two coats, let him give to him who has none. He who has food, let him do likewise.”

312 Tax collectors also came to be baptized, and they said to him, “Teacher, what must we do?”

313 He said to them, “Collect no more than that which is appointed to you.”

314 Soldiers also asked him, saying, “What about us? What must we do?”

He said to them, “Extort from no one by violence, neither accuse anyone wrongfully. Be content with your wages.”

315 As the people were in expectation, and all men reasoned in their hearts concerning John, whether perhaps he was the Christ, 316 John answered them all, “I indeed baptize you with water, but he comes who is mightier than I, the strap of whose sandals I am not worthy to loosen. He will baptize you in the Holy Spirit and fire, 317 whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing floor, and will gather the wheat into his barn; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.”

318 Then with many other exhortations he preached good news to the people, 319 but Herod the tetrarch,[1] being reproved by him for Herodias, his brother’s wife, and for all the evil things which Herod had done, 320 added this also to them all, that he shut up John in prison. 321 Now when all the people were baptized, Jesus also had been baptized, and was praying. The sky was opened, 322 and the Holy Spirit descended in a bodily form like a dove on him; and a voice came out of the sky, saying “You are my beloved Son. In you I am well pleased.”

( The ancestry of Mary, the mother of Jesus, is detailed next, starting from her father and tracing back to Adam. A similar ancestry for Joseph, Mary’s husband, is given in Matthew, beginning with Abraham and going forward to Christ. These lists are omitted here.)

Chapter 4

 ( . .

( . . . ) 414 Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee, and news about him spread through all the surrounding area. 415 He taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all.

416 He came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up. He entered, as was his custom, into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read. 417 The book of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. He opened the book, and found the place where it was written,

“The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor.

He has sent me to heal the broken hearted,

to proclaim release to the captives,

recovering of sight to the blind,

to deliver those who are crushed,

and to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.”


420 He closed the book, gave it back to the attendant, and sat down. The eyes of all in the synagogue were fastened on him. 421 He began to tell them, “Today, this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.”

422 All testified about him, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth, and they said, “Isn’t this Joseph’s son?”

423 He said to them, “Doubtless you will tell me this parable, ‘Physician, heal yourself! Whatever we have heard done at Capernaum, do also here in your hometown.’” 424 He said, “Most certainly I tell you, no prophet is acceptable in his hometown.  425  But truly I tell you, there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the sky was shut up three years and six months, when a great famine came over all the land.  426  Elijah was sent to none of them, except to Zarephath, in the land of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow.  427  There were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet, yet not one of them was cleansed, except Naaman, the Syrian.”

428 They were all filled with wrath in the synagogue, as they heard these things. 429 They rose up, threw him out of the city, and led him to the brow of the hill that their city was built on, that they might throw him off the cliff. 430 But he, passing through the middle of them, went his way.

431 He came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. He was teaching them on the Sabbath day, 432 and they were astonished at his teaching, for his word was with authority. 433 In the synagogue there was a man who had a spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice, 434 saying, “Ah! what have we to do with you, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are: the Holy One of God!”

435 Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be silent, and come out of him!”  When the demon had thrown him down in the middle of them, he came out of him, having done him no harm.

436 Amazement came on all, and they spoke together, one with another, saying, “What is this word? For with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits, and they come out!” 437 News about him went out into every place of the surrounding region.

438 He rose up from the synagogue, and entered into Simon’s house. Simon’s mother-in-law was afflicted with a great fever, and they begged him for her. 439 He stood over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her. Immediately she rose up and served them. 440 When the sun was setting, all those who had any sick with various diseases brought them to him; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them. 441 Demons also came out of many, crying out, and saying, “You are the Christ, the Son of God!” Rebuking them, he didn’t allow them to speak, because they knew that he was the Christ.

442 When it was day, he departed and went into an uninhabited place, and the multitudes looked for him, and came to him, and held on to him, so that he wouldn’t go away from them. 443 But he said to them, “I must preach the good news of God’s Kingdom to the other cities also. For this reason I have been sent.” 444 He was preaching in the synagogues of Galilee. 4

Chapter 5

51 Now while the multitude pressed on him and heard the word of God, he was standing by the lake of Gennesaret. 52 He saw two boats standing by the lake, but the fishermen had gone out of them, and were washing their nets. 53 He entered into one of the boats, which was Simon’s, and asked him to put out a little from the land. He sat down and taught the multitudes from the boat. 54 When he had finished speaking, he said to Simon, “Put out into the deep, and let down your nets for a catch.”

55 Simon answered him, “Master, we worked all night, and took nothing; but at your word I will let down the net.” 56 When they had done this, they caught a great multitude of fish, and their net was breaking. 57 They beckoned to their partners in the other boat, that they should come and help them. They came, and filled both boats, so that they began to sink. 58 But Simon Peter, when he saw it, fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, “Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, Lord.” 59 For he was amazed, and all who were with him, at the catch of fish which they had caught; 510 and so also were James and John, sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon.

Jesus said to Simon, “Don’t be afraid. From now on you will be catching people alive.”

511 When they had brought their boats to land, they left everything, and followed him. 512 While he was in one of the cities, behold, there was a man full of leprosy. When he saw Jesus, he fell on his face, and begged him, saying, “Lord, if you want to, you can make me clean.”

513 He stretched out his hand, and touched him, saying, “I want to. Be made clean.”

Immediately the leprosy left him. 514 He commanded him to tell no one, “But go your way, and show yourself to the priest, and offer for your cleansing according to what Moses commanded, for a testimony to them.” 515 But the report concerning him spread much more, and great multitudes came together to hear, and to be healed by him of their infirmities. 516 But he withdrew himself into the desert, and prayed.

517 On one of those days, he was teaching; and there were Pharisees and teachers of the law sitting by, who had come out of every village of Galilee, Judea, and Jerusalem. The power of the Lord was with him to heal them. 518 Behold, men brought a paralyzed man on a cot, and they sought to bring him in to lay before Jesus. 519 Not finding a way to bring him in because of the multitude, they went up to the housetop, and let him down through the tiles with his cot into the middle before Jesus. 520 Seeing their faith, he said to him, “Man, your sins are forgiven you.”

521 The scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, “Who is this that speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?”

522 But Jesus, perceiving their thoughts, answered them, “Why are you reasoning so in your hearts?  523 Which is easier to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you;’ or to say, ‘Arise and walk?’  524 But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins” (he said to the paralyzed man), “I tell you, arise, take up your cot, and go to your house.”

525 Immediately he rose up before them, and took up that which he was laying on, and departed to his house, glorifying God. 526 Amazement took hold on all, and they glorified God. They were filled with fear, saying, “We have seen strange things today.”

527 After these things he went out, and saw a tax collector named Levi sitting at the tax office, and said to him, “Follow me!”

528 He left everything, and rose up and followed him. 529 Levi made a great feast for him in his house. There was a great crowd of tax collectors and others who were reclining with them. 530 Their scribes and the Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, “Why do you eat and drink with the tax collectors and sinners?” 531 Jesus answered them, “Those who are healthy have no need for a physician, but those who are sick do.  532 I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.” 

533 They said to him, “Why do John’s disciples often fast and pray, likewise also the disciples of the Pharisees, but yours eat and drink?”

534 He said to them, “Can you make the friends of the bridegroom fast while the bridegroom is with them?  535 But the days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them. Then they will fast in those days.” 536 He also told a parable to them. “No one puts a piece from a new garment on an old garment, or else he will tear the new, and also the piece from the new will not match the old.  537 No one puts new wine into old wine skins, or else the new wine will burst the skins, and it will be spilled, and the skins will be destroyed.  538 But new wine must be put into fresh wine skins, and both are preserved.  539  No man having drunk old wine immediately desires new, for he says, ‘The old is better.’”

Chapter 6

61 Now on the second Sabbath after the first, he was going through the grain fields. His disciples plucked the heads of grain and ate, rubbing them in their hands. 62 But some of the Pharisees said to them, “Why do you do that which is not lawful to do on the Sabbath day?”

63 Jesus, answering them, said, “Haven’t you read what David did when he was hungry, he, and those who were with him;  64 how he entered into God’s house, and took and ate the show bread, and gave also to those who were with him, which is not lawful to eat except for the priests alone?” 65 He said to them, “The Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath.”

66 It also happened on another Sabbath that he entered into the synagogue and taught. There was a man there, and his right hand was withered. 67 The scribes and the Pharisees watched him, to see whether he would heal on the Sabbath, that they might find an accusation against him. 68 But he knew their thoughts; and he said to the man who had the withered hand, “Rise up, and stand in the middle.” He arose and stood. 69 Then Jesus said to them, “I will ask you something: Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good, or to do harm? To save a life, or to kill?” 610 He looked around at them all, and said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” He did, and his hand was restored as sound as the other. 611 But they were filled with rage, and talked with one another about what they might do to Jesus.

612 In these days, he went out to the mountain to pray, and he continued all night in prayer to God. 613 When it was day, he called his disciples, and from them he chose twelve, whom he also named apostles: 614 Simon, whom he also named Peter; Andrew, his brother; James; John; Philip; Bartholomew; 615 Matthew; Thomas; James, the son of Alphaeus; Simon, who was called the Zealot; 616 Judas the son of James; and Judas Iscariot, who also became a traitor. 617 He came down with them, and stood on a level place, with a crowd of his disciples, and a great number of the people from all Judea and Jerusalem, and the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, who came to hear him and to be healed of their diseases; 618 as well as those who were troubled by unclean spirits, and they were being healed. 619 All the multitude sought to touch him, for power came out of him and healed them all.

620 He lifted up his eyes to his disciples, and said,[2]

“Blessed are you who are poor,

God’s Kingdom is yours.

Blessed are you who hunger now,

for you will be filled.

Blessed are you who weep now,

for you will laugh.

Blessed are you when men hate you, and when they exclude and mock you, and throw out your name as evil, for the Son of Man’s sake. Rejoice in that day, and leap for joy, for behold, your reward is great in heaven, for their fathers did the same thing to the prophets.

“But woe to you who are rich!

For you have received your consolation.

Woe to you, you who are full now,

for you will be hungry.

Woe to you who laugh now,

for you will mourn and weep.

Woe, when men speak well of you,

for their fathers did the same thing to the false prophets.


627 “But I tell you who hear: love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 28 bless those who curse you, and pray for those who mistreat you.  629 To him who strikes you on the cheek, offer also the other; and from him who takes away your cloak, don’t withhold your coat also.  630 Give to everyone who asks you, and don’t ask him who takes away your goods to give them back again.

631 “As you would like people to do to you, do exactly so to them.  632 If you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them.  633 If you do good to those who do good to you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners do the same.  634 If you lend to those from whom you hope to receive, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners, to receive back as much.  635 But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing back; and your reward will be great, and you will be children of the Most High; for he is kind toward the unthankful and evil.

“Therefore be merciful,

even as your Father is also merciful.

Don’t judge,

and you won’t be judged.

Don’t condemn,

and you won’t be condemned.

Set free,

and you will be set free.


638 “Give, and it will be given to you: good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over, will be given to you. For with the same measure you measure it will be measured back to you.”

639 He spoke a parable to them. “Can the blind guide the blind? Won’t they both fall into a pit?  640 A disciple is not above his teacher, but everyone when he is fully trained will be like his teacher.  641 Why do you see the speck of chaff that is in your brother’s eye, but don’t consider the beam that is in your own eye?  642 Or how can you tell your brother, ‘Brother, let me remove the speck of chaff that is in your eye,’ when you yourself don’t see the beam that is in your own eye? You hypocrite! First remove the beam from your own eye, and then you can see clearly to remove the speck of chaff that is in your brother’s eye.  643 For there is no good tree that produces rotten fruit; nor again a rotten tree that produces good fruit.  644 For each tree is known by its own fruit. For people don’t gather figs from thorns, nor do they gather grapes from a bramble bush.  645 The good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings out that which is good, and the evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart brings out that which is evil, for out of the abundance of the heart, his mouth speaks.

646 “Why do you call me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ and don’t do the things which I say?  647 Everyone who comes to me, and hears my words, and does them, I will show you who he is like.  648 He is like a man building a house, who dug and went deep, and laid a foundation on the rock. When a flood arose, the stream broke against that house, and could not shake it, because it was founded on the rock.  649  But he who hears, and doesn’t do, is like a man who built a house on the earth without a foundation, against which the stream broke, and immediately it fell, and the ruin of that house was great.”

Chapter 7

71 After he had finished speaking in the hearing of the people, he entered into Capernaum. 72 A certain centurion’s servant, who was dear to him, was sick and at the point of death. 73 When he heard about Jesus, he sent to him elders of the Jews, asking him to come and save his servant. 74 When they came to Jesus, they begged him earnestly, saying, “He is worthy for you to do this for him, 75 for he loves our nation, and he built our synagogue for us.” 76 Jesus went with them. When he was now not far from the house, the centurion sent friends to him, saying to him, “Lord, don’t trouble yourself, for I am not worthy for you to come under my roof. 77 Therefore I didn’t even think myself worthy to come to you; but say the word, and my servant will be healed. 78 For I also am a man placed under authority, having under myself soldiers. I tell this one, ‘Go!’ and he goes; and to another, ‘Come!’ and he comes; and to my servant, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.”

79 When Jesus heard these things, he marveled at him, and turned and said to the multitude who followed him, “I tell you, I have not found such great faith, no, not in Israel.” 710 Those who were sent, returning to the house, found that the servant who had been sick was well.

711 Soon afterwards, he went to a city called Nain. Many of his disciples, along with a great multitude, went with him. 712 Now when he came near to the gate of the city, behold, one who was dead was carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow. Many people of the city were with her. 713 When the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said to her, “Don’t cry.” 714 He came near and touched the coffin, and the bearers stood still. He said, “Young man, I tell you, arise!” 715 He who was dead sat up, and began to speak. And he gave him to his mother.

716 Fear took hold of all, and they glorified God, saying, “A great prophet has arisen among us!” and, “God has visited his people!” 717 This report went out concerning him in the whole of Judea, and in all the surrounding region.

718 The disciples of John told him about all these things. 719 John, calling to himself two of his disciples, sent them to Jesus, saying, “Are you the one who is coming, or should we look for another?” 720 When the men had come to him, they said, “John the Baptizer has sent us to you, saying, ‘Are you he who comes, or should we look for another?’”

721 In that hour he cured many of diseases and plagues and evil spirits; and to many who were blind he gave sight. 722 Jesus answered them, “Go and tell John the things which you have seen and heard: that the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have good news preached to them.  723 Blessed is he who finds no occasion for stumbling in me.”

724 When John’s messengers had departed, he began to tell the multitudes about John, “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind?  725 But what did you go out to see? A man clothed in soft clothing? Behold, those who are gorgeously dressed, and live delicately, are in kings’ courts.  726 But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and much more than a prophet.  727 This is he of whom it is written,

‘Behold, I send my messenger before your face,

who will prepare your way before you.’

728 “For I tell you, among those who are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptizer, yet he who is least in God’s Kingdom is greater than he.”

729 When all the people and the tax collectors heard this, they declared God to be just, having been baptized with John’s baptism. 730 But the Pharisees and the lawyers rejected the counsel of God, not being baptized by him themselves.

731 “To what then should I compare the people of this generation? What are they like?  732 They are like children who sit in the marketplace, and call to one another, saying, ‘We piped to you, and you didn’t dance. We mourned, and you didn’t weep.’  733 For John the Baptizer came neither eating bread nor drinking wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon.’  734 The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Behold, a gluttonous man, and a drunkard; a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’  735 Wisdom is justified by all her children.”

736 One of the Pharisees invited him to eat with him. He entered into the Pharisee’s house, and sat at the table. 737 Behold, a woman in the city who was a sinner, when she knew that he was reclining in the Pharisee’s house, brought an alabaster jar of ointment. 738 Standing behind at his feet weeping, she began to wet his feet with her tears, and she wiped them with the hair of her head, kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment. 739 Now when the Pharisee who had invited him saw it, he said to himself, “This man, if he were a prophet, would have perceived who and what kind of woman this is who touches him, that she is a sinner.”

740 Jesus answered him, “Simon, I have something to tell you.” 

He said, “Teacher, say on.”

741 “A certain lender had two debtors. The one owed five hundred denarii, and the other fifty.  742 When they couldn’t pay, he forgave them both. Which of them therefore will love him most?”

743 Simon answered, “He, I suppose, to whom he forgave the most.”

He said to him, “You have judged correctly.” 744 Turning to the woman, he said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? I entered into your house, and you gave me no water for my feet, but she has wet my feet with her tears, and wiped them with the hair of her head.  745 You gave me no kiss, but she, since the time I came in, has not ceased to kiss my feet.  746 You didn’t anoint my head with oil, but she has anointed my feet with ointment.  747 Therefore I tell you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven, for she loved much. But one to whom little is forgiven, loves little.”  748 He said to her, “Your sins are forgiven.”

749 Those who sat at the table with him began to say to themselves, “Who is this who even forgives sins?”

750 He said to the woman, 7 “Your faith has saved you. Go in peace.” 

Chapter 8

81 Soon afterwards, he went about through cities and villages, preaching and bringing the good news of God’s Kingdom. With him were the twelve, 82 and certain women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary who was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out; 83 and Joanna, the wife of Chuzas, Herod’s steward; Susanna; and many others; who served them from their possessions. 84 When a great multitude came together, and people from every city were coming to him, he spoke by a parable. 85 “The farmer went out to sow his seed. As he sowed, some fell along the road, and it was trampled under foot, and the birds of the sky devoured it.  86 Other seed fell on the rock, and as soon as it grew, it withered away, because it had no moisture.  87 Other fell amid the thorns, and the thorns grew with it, and choked it.  88 Other fell into the good ground, and grew, and produced one hundred times as much fruit.” As he said these things, he called out, “He who has ears to hear, let him hear!”

89 Then his disciples asked him, “What does this parable mean?”

810 He said, “To you it is given to know the mysteries of God’s Kingdom, but to the rest in parables; that ‘seeing they may not see, and hearing they may not understand.’ 811 Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God.  812 Those along the road are those who hear, then the devil comes, and takes away the word from their heart, that they may not believe and be saved.  813 Those on the rock are they who, when they hear, receive the word with joy; but these have no root, who believe for a while, then fall away in time of temptation.  814 That which fell among the thorns, these are those who have heard, and as they go on their way they are choked with cares, riches, and pleasures of life, and bring no fruit to maturity.  815 Those in the good ground, these are those who with an honest and good heart, having heard the word, hold it tightly, and produce fruit with perseverance.

816 “No one, when he has lit a lamp, covers it with a container, or puts it under a bed; but puts it on a stand, that those who enter in may see the light.  817 For nothing is hidden that will not be revealed; nor anything secret that will not be known and come to light.  818 Be careful therefore how you hear. For whoever has, to him will be given; and whoever doesn’t have, from him will be taken away even that which he thinks he has.”

819 His mother and brothers came to him, and they could not come near him for the crowd. 820 Some people told him, “Your mother and your brothers stand outside, desiring to see you.”

821 But he answered them, “My mother and my brothers are these who hear the word of God, and do it.”

822 Now on one of those days, he entered into a boat, himself and his disciples, and he said to them, “Let’s go over to the other side of the lake.” So they launched out. 823 But as they sailed, he fell asleep. A wind storm came down on the lake, and they were taking on dangerous amounts of water. 824 They came to him, and awoke him, saying, “Master, master, we are dying!” He awoke, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water, and they ceased, and it was calm. 825 He said to them, “Where is your faith?” Being afraid they marveled, saying to one another, “Who is this then, that he commands even the winds and the water, and they obey him?” ( . . . )

840 When Jesus returned, the multitude welcomed him, for they were all waiting for him. 841 Behold, a man named Jairus came. He was a ruler of the synagogue. He fell down at Jesus’ feet, and begged him to come into his house, 842 for he had an only daughter, about twelve years of age, and she was dying. But as he went, the multitudes pressed against him. 843 A woman who had a flow of blood for twelve years, who had spent all her living on physicians and could not be healed by any 844 came behind him, and touched the fringe[3] of his cloak. Immediately the flow of her blood stopped. 845 Jesus said, “Who touched me?”

When all denied it, Peter and those with him said, “Master, the multitudes press and jostle you, and you say, ‘Who touched me?’”

846 But Jesus said, “Someone did touch me, for I perceived that power has gone out of me.” 847 When the woman saw that she was not hidden, she came trembling, and falling down before him declared to him in the presence of all the people the reason why she had touched him, and how she was healed immediately. 848 He said to her, “Daughter, cheer up. Your faith has made you well. Go in peace.”

849 While he still spoke, one from the ruler of the synagogue’s house came, saying to him, “Your daughter is dead. Don’t trouble the Teacher.”

850 But Jesus hearing it, answered him, “Don’t be afraid. Only believe, and she will be healed.”

851 When he came to the house, he didn’t allow anyone to enter in, except Peter, John, James, the father of the child, and her mother. 852 All were weeping and mourning her, but he said, “Don’t weep. She isn’t dead, but sleeping.”

853 They were ridiculing him, knowing that she was dead. 854 But he put them all outside, and taking her by the hand, he called, saying, “Child, arise!” 855 Her spirit returned, and she rose up immediately. He commanded that something be given to her to eat. 856 Her parents were amazed, but he commanded them to tell no one what had been done. 8

Chapter 9

91 He called the twelve together, and gave them power and authority over all demons, and to cure diseases. 92 He sent them out to preach God’s Kingdom and to heal the sick. 93 He said to them, “Take nothing for your journey—no staffs, nor wallet, nor bread, nor money. Don’t have two coats each.  94 Into whatever house you enter, stay there, and depart from there.  95 As many as don’t receive you, when you depart from that city, shake off even the dust from your feet for a testimony against them.”

96 They departed and went throughout the villages, preaching the Good News and healing everywhere. 97 Now Herod the tetrarch heard of all that was done by him; and he was very perplexed, because it was said by some that John had risen from the dead, 98 and by some that Elijah had appeared, and by others that one of the old prophets had risen again. 99 Herod said, “I beheaded John, but who is this about whom I hear such things?” He sought to see him. 910 The apostles, when they had returned, told him what things they had done.

He took them and withdrew apart to a desert region of a city called Bethsaida. 911 But the multitudes, perceiving it, followed him. He welcomed them, spoke to them of God’s Kingdom, and he cured those who needed healing. 912 The day began to wear away; and the twelve came and said to him, “Send the multitude away, that they may go into the surrounding villages and farms, and lodge, and get food, for we are here in a deserted place.”

913 But he said to them, “You give them something to eat.”

They said, “We have no more than five loaves and two fish, unless we should go and buy food for all these people.” 914 For they were about five thousand men.

He said to his disciples, “Make them sit down in groups of about fifty each.” 915 They did so, and made them all sit down. 916 He took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to the sky, he blessed them, broke them, and gave them to the disciples to set before the multitude. 917 They ate and were all filled. They gathered up twelve baskets of broken pieces that were left over.

918 As he was praying alone, the disciples were with him, and he asked them, “Who do the multitudes say that I am?”

919 They answered, “‘John the Baptizer,’ but others say, ‘Elijah,’ and others, that one of the old prophets has risen again.”

920 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”

Peter answered, “The Christ of God.”

921 But he warned them, and commanded them to tell this to no one, 922 saying, “The Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders, chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and the third day be raised up.”

923 He said to all, “If anyone desires to come after me, let him deny himself, take up his cross, and follow me.  924 For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever will lose his life for my sake, will save it.  925 For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world, and loses or forfeits his own self?  926 For whoever will be ashamed of me and of my words, of him will the Son of Man be ashamed, when he comes in his glory, and the glory of the Father, and of the holy angels.  927 But I tell you the truth: There are some of those who stand here who will in no way taste of death until they see God’s Kingdom.” 

928 About eight days after these sayings, he took with him Peter, John, and James, and went up onto the mountain to pray. 929 As he was praying, the appearance of his face was altered, and his clothing became white and dazzling. 930 Behold, two men were talking with him, who were Moses and Elijah, 931 who appeared in glory, and spoke of his departure, which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.

932 Now Peter and those who were with him were heavy with sleep, but when they were fully awake, they saw his glory, and the two men who stood with him. 933 As they were parting from him, Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is good for us to be here. Let’s make three tents: one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah,” not knowing what he said.

934 While he said these things, a cloud came and overshadowed them, and they were afraid as they entered into the cloud. 935 A voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is my beloved Son. Listen to him!” 936 When the voice came, Jesus was found alone. They were silent, and told no one in those days any of the things which they had seen.

937 On the next day, when they had come down from the mountain, a great multitude met him. 938 Behold, a man from the crowd called out, saying, “Teacher, I beg you to look at my son, for he is my only child. 939 Behold, a spirit takes him, he suddenly cries out, and it convulses him so that he foams, and it hardly departs from him, bruising him severely. 940 I begged your disciples to cast it out, and they couldn’t.”

941 Jesus answered, “Faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you and bear with you? Bring your son here.”

942 While he was still coming, the demon threw him down and convulsed him violently. But Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, healed the boy, and gave him back to his father. 943 They were all astonished at the majesty of God.

But while all were marveling at all the things which Jesus did, he said to his disciples, 944 “Let these words sink into your ears, for the Son of Man will be delivered up into the hands of men.” 945 But they didn’t understand this saying. It was concealed from them, that they should not perceive it, and they were afraid to ask him about this saying.

946 An argument arose among them about which of them was the greatest. 947 Jesus, perceiving the reasoning of their hearts, took a little child, and set him by his side, 948 and said to them, “Whoever receives this little child in my name receives me. Whoever receives me receives him who sent me. For whoever is least among you all, this one will be great.”

949 John answered, “Master, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we forbade him, because he doesn’t follow with us.”

950 Jesus said to him, “Don’t forbid him, for he who is not against us is for us.”

951 It came to pass, when the days were near that he should be taken up, he intently set his face to go to Jerusalem 952 and sent messengers before his face. They went and entered into a village of the Samaritans, so as to prepare for him. 953 They didn’t receive him, because he was traveling with his face set toward Jerusalem. 954 When his disciples, James and John, saw this, they said, “Lord, do you want us to command fire to come down from the sky, and destroy them, just as Elijah did?”

955 But he turned and rebuked them, “You don’t know of what kind of spirit you are.  956 For the Son of Man didn’t come to destroy men’s lives, but to save them.”

They went to another village. 957 As they went on the way, a certain man said to him, “I want to follow you wherever you go, Lord.”

958 Jesus said to him, “The foxes have holes, and the birds of the sky have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay his head.”

959 He said to another, “Follow me!”

But he said, “Lord, allow me first to go and bury my father.”

960 But Jesus said to him, “Leave the dead to bury their own dead, but you go and announce God’s Kingdom.”

961 Another also said, “I want to follow you, Lord, but first allow me to say good-bye to those who are at my house.”

962 But Jesus said to him, 9 “No one, having put his hand to the plow, and looking back, is fit for God’s Kingdom.”

Chapter 10

101 Now after these things, the Lord also appointed seventy others, and sent them two by two ahead of him into every city and place where he was about to come. 102 Then he said to them, “The harvest is indeed plentiful, but the laborers are few. Pray therefore to the Lord of the harvest, that he may send out laborers into his harvest.  103 Go your ways. Behold, I send you out as lambs among wolves.  104 Carry no purse, nor wallet, nor sandals. Greet no one on the way.  105 Into whatever house you enter, first say, ‘Peace be to this house.’  106 If a son of peace is there, your peace will rest on him; but if not, it will return to you.  107 Remain in that same house, eating and drinking the things they give, for the laborer is worthy of his wages. Don’t go from house to house.  108 Into whatever city you enter, and they receive you, eat the things that are set before you.  109 Heal the sick who are there, and tell them, ‘God’s Kingdom has come near to you.’  1010 But into whatever city you enter, and they don’t receive you, go out into its streets and say,  1011 ‘Even the dust from your city that clings to us, we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that God’s Kingdom has come near to you.’  1012 I tell you, it will be more tolerable in that day for Sodom than for that city.

1013 “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works had been done in Tyre and Sidon which were done in you, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.  1014 But it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the judgment than for you.  1015 You, Capernaum, who are exalted to heaven, will be brought down to Hades. 1016 Whoever listens to you listens to me, and whoever rejects you rejects me. Whoever rejects me rejects him who sent me.”

1017 The seventy returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name!”

1018 He said to them, “I saw Satan having fallen like lightning from heaven.  1019 Behold, I give you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy. Nothing will in any way hurt you.  1020 Nevertheless, don’t rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven.”

1021 In that same hour Jesus rejoiced in the Holy Spirit, and said, “I thank you, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding, and revealed them to little children. Yes, Father, for so it was well-pleasing in your sight.”

1022 Turning to the disciples, he said, “All things have been delivered to me by my Father. No one knows who the Son is, except the Father, and who the Father is, except the Son, and he to whomever the Son desires to reveal him.”

1023 Turning to the disciples, he said privately, “Blessed are the eyes which see the things that you see,  1024 for I tell you that many prophets and kings desired to see the things which you see, and didn’t see them, and to hear the things which you hear, and didn’t hear them.”

1025 Behold, a certain lawyer stood up and tested him, saying, “Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?”

1026 He said to him, “What is written in the law? How do you read it?” 

1027 He answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself.”

1028 He said to him, “You have answered correctly. Do this, and you will live.”

1029 But he, desiring to justify himself, asked Jesus, “Who is my neighbor?”

1030 Jesus answered, “A certain man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who both stripped him and beat him, and departed, leaving him half dead.  1031 By chance a certain priest was going down that way. When he saw him, he passed by on the other side.  1032 In the same way a Levite also, when he came to the place, and saw him, passed by on the other side.  1033 But a certain Samaritan, as he traveled, came where he was. When he saw him, he was moved with compassion,  1034 came to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. He set him on his own animal, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.  1035  On the next day, when he departed, he took out two denarii, gave them to the host, and said to him, ‘Take care of him. Whatever you spend beyond that, I will repay you when I return.’  1036 Now which of these three do you think seemed to be a neighbor to him who fell among the robbers?”

1037 He said, “He who showed mercy on him.”

Then Jesus said to him, “Go and do likewise.”

1038 As they went on their way, he entered into a certain village, and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house. 1039 She had a sister called Mary, who also sat at Jesus’ feet, and heard his word. 1040 But Martha was distracted with much serving, and she came up to him, and said, “Lord, don’t you care that my sister left me to serve alone? Ask her therefore to help me.”

1041 Jesus answered her, “Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things, 1042 0 but one thing is needed. Mary has chosen the good part, which will not be taken away from her.”

Chapter 11

111 When he finished praying in a certain place, one of his disciples said to him, “Lord, teach us to pray, just as John also taught his disciples.”

112 He said to them, “When you pray, say,

‘Our Father in heaven, may your name be kept holy.

May your Kingdom come. May your will be done on earth, as it is in heaven.

Give us day by day our daily bread.

Forgive us our sins, for we ourselves also forgive everyone who is indebted to us.

Bring us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.’”


115 He said to them, “Which of you, if you go to a friend at midnight, and tell him, ‘Friend, lend me three loaves of bread,for a friend of mine has come to me from a journey, and I have nothing to set before him,’ 117 and he from within will answer and say, ‘Don’t bother me. The door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed. I can’t get up and give it to you’?  118 I tell you, although he will not rise and give it to him because he is his friend, yet because of his persistence, he will get up and give him as many as he needs.

119 “I tell you, keep asking, and it will be given you. Keep seeking, and you will find. Keep knocking, and it will be opened to you.  1110 For everyone who asks receives. He who seeks finds. To him who knocks it will be opened.

1111 “Which of you fathers, if your son asks for bread, will give him a stone? Or if he asks for a fish, he won’t give him a snake instead of a fish, will he?  1112 Or if he asks for an egg, he won’t give him a scorpion, will he?  1113 If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him?” ( . . . )

1129 When the multitudes were gathering together to him, he began to say, “This is an evil generation. It seeks after a sign. No sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah, the prophet.  1130 For even as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites, so the Son of Man will also be to this generation.  1131 The Queen of the South will rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and will condemn them: for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold, one greater than Solomon is here.  1132 The men of Nineveh will stand up in the judgment with this generation, and will condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, one greater than Jonah is here.

1133 “No one, when he has lit a lamp, puts it in a cellar or under a basket, but on a stand, that those who come in may see the light.  1134 The lamp of the body is the eye. Therefore when your eye is good, your whole body is also full of light; but when it is evil, your body also is full of darkness.  1135 Therefore see whether the light that is in you isn’t darkness. 36 If therefore your whole body is full of light, having no part dark, it will be wholly full of light, as when the lamp with its bright shining gives you light.”

1137 Now as he spoke, a certain Pharisee asked him to dine with him. He went in, and sat at the table. 1138 When the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed himself before dinner. 1139 The Lord said to him, “Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter, but your inward part is full of extortion and wickedness.  1140 You foolish ones, didn’t he who made the outside make the inside also?  1141 But give for gifts to the needy those things which are within, and behold, all things will be clean to you.  1142 But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, but you bypass justice and God’s love. You ought to have done these, and not to have left the other undone. ( . . . )

Chapter 12

121 Meanwhile, when a multitude of many thousands had gathered together, so much so that they trampled on each other, he began to tell his disciples first of all, “Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.  122 But there is nothing covered up that will not be revealed, nor hidden that will not be known.  123 Therefore whatever you have said in the darkness will be heard in the light. What you have spoken in the ear in the inner rooms will be proclaimed on the housetops.

124 “I tell you, my friends, don’t be afraid of those who kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do.  125 But I will warn you whom you should fear. Fear him who after he has killed, has power to cast into Gehenna.[4] Yes, I tell you, fear him.

126 “Aren’t five sparrows sold for two assaria coins[5]? Not one of them is forgotten by God.  127 But the very hairs of your head are all counted. Therefore don’t be afraid. You are of more value than many sparrows.

128 “I tell you, everyone who confesses me before men, the Son of Man will also confess before the angels of God; 129 but he who denies me in the presence of men will be denied in the presence of God’s angels.  1210 Everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but those who blaspheme against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven.  1211 When they bring you before the synagogues, the rulers, and the authorities, don’t be anxious how or what you will answer, or what you will say; 1212 for the Holy Spirit will teach you in that same hour what you must say.”

1213 One of the multitude said to him, “Teacher, tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me.”

1214 But he said to him, “Man, who made me a judge or an arbitrator over you?” 1215 He said to them, “Beware! Keep yourselves from covetousness, for a man’s life doesn’t consist of the abundance of the things which he possesses.”

1216 He spoke a parable to them, saying, “The ground of a certain rich man produced abundantly.  1217 He reasoned within himself, saying, ‘What will I do, because I don’t have room to store my crops?’  1218 He said, ‘This is what I will do. I will pull down my barns, build bigger ones, and there I will store all my grain and my goods.  1219 I will tell my soul, “Soul, you have many goods laid up for many years. Take your ease, eat, drink, and be merry.”’

20 “But God said to him, ‘You foolish one, tonight your soul is required of you. The things which you have prepared—whose will they be?’  1221 So is he who lays up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.”

1222 He said to his disciples, “Therefore I tell you, don’t be anxious for your life, what you will eat, nor yet for your body, what you will wear.  1223 Life is more than food, and the body is more than clothing.  1224 Consider the ravens: they don’t sow, they don’t reap, they have no warehouse or barn, and God feeds them. How much more valuable are you than birds!  1225 Which of you by being anxious can add a cubit[6] to his height?  1226 If then you aren’t able to do even the least things, why are you anxious about the rest?  1227 Consider the lilies, how they grow. They don’t toil, neither do they spin; yet I tell you, even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.  1228 But if this is how God clothes the grass in the field, which today exists, and tomorrow is cast into the oven, how much more will he clothe you, O you of little faith?  1229 Don’t seek what you will eat or what you will drink; neither be anxious.  1230 For the nations of the world seek after all of these things, but your Father knows that you need these things.  1231 But seek God’s Kingdom, and all these things will be added to you.  1232 Don’t be afraid, little flock, for it is your Father’s good pleasure to give you the Kingdom.  1233 Sell that which you have, and give gifts to the needy. Make for yourselves purses which don’t grow old, a treasure in the heavens that doesn’t fail, where no thief approaches, neither moth destroys.  1234 For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also. 

1235 “Let your waist be dressed and your lamps burning.  1236 Be like men watching for their lord, when he returns from the wedding feast; that when he comes and knocks, they may immediately open to him.  137 Blessed are those servants, whom the lord will find watching when he comes. Most certainly I tell you that he will dress himself, make them recline, and will come and serve them.  1238 They will be blessed if he comes in the second or third watch, and finds them so.  1239 But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what hour the thief was coming, he would have watched, and not allowed his house to be broken into.  1240 Therefore be ready also, for the Son of Man is coming in an hour that you don’t expect him.”

1241 Peter said to him, “Lord, are you telling this parable to us, or to everybody?”

1242 The Lord said, “Who then is the faithful and wise steward, whom his lord will set over his household, to give them their portion of food at the right times?  1243 Blessed is that servant whom his lord will find doing so when he comes.  1244 Truly I tell you, that he will set him over all that he has.  1245 But if that servant says in his heart, ‘My lord delays his coming,’ and begins to beat the menservants and the maidservants, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken, 1246 then the lord of that servant will come in a day when he isn’t expecting him, and in an hour that he doesn’t know, and will cut him in two, and place his portion with the unfaithful.  1247 That servant, who knew his lord’s will, and didn’t prepare, nor do what he wanted, will be beaten with many stripes, 48 but he who didn’t know, and did things worthy of stripes, will be beaten with few stripes. To whomever much is given, of him will much be required; and to whom much was entrusted, of him more will be asked. 

1249 “I came to throw fire on the earth. I wish it were already kindled.  1250 But I have a baptism to be baptized with, and how distressed I am until it is accomplished!  1251 Do you think that I have come to give peace in the earth? I tell you, no, but rather division.  1252 For from now on, there will be five in one house divided, three against two, and two against three.  1253 They will be divided, father against son, and son against father; mother against daughter, and daughter against her mother; mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.”

1254 He said to the multitudes also, “When you see a cloud rising from the west, immediately you say, ‘A shower is coming,’ and so it happens.  1255 When a south wind blows, you say, ‘There will be a scorching heat,’ and it happens.  1256 You hypocrites! You know how to interpret the appearance of the earth and the sky, but how is it that you don’t interpret this time?  1257 Why don’t you judge for yourselves what is right?  1258 For when you are going with your adversary before the magistrate, try diligently on the way to be released from him, lest perhaps he drag you to the judge, and the judge deliver you to the officer, and the officer throw you into prison.  1259 I tell you, you will by no means get out of there, until you have paid the very last penny.”

Chapter 13

131 Now there were some present at the same time who told him about the Galileans, whose blood Pilate had mixed with their sacrifices. 132 Jesus answered them, “Do you think that these Galileans were worse sinners than all the other Galileans, because they suffered such things?  133 I tell you, no, but unless you repent, you will all perish in the same way.  134 Or those eighteen, on whom the tower in Siloam fell and killed them; do you think that they were worse offenders than all the men who dwell in Jerusalem?  135 I tell you, no, but, unless you repent, you will all perish in the same way.”

136 He spoke this parable. “A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard, and he came seeking fruit on it, and found none.  137 He said to the vine dresser, ‘Behold, these three years I have come looking for fruit on this fig tree, and found none. Cut it down. Why does it waste the soil?’  138 He answered, ‘Lord, leave it alone this year also, until I dig around it and fertilize it.  139 If it bears fruit, fine; but if not, after that, you can cut it down.’”

1310 He was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath day. 1311 Behold, there was a woman who had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years. She was bent over, and could in no way straighten herself up. 1312 When Jesus saw her, he called her, and said to her, “Woman, you are freed from your infirmity.” 1313 He laid his hands on her, and immediately she stood up straight and glorified God.

1314 The ruler of the synagogue, being indignant because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath, said to the multitude, “There are six days in which men ought to work. Therefore come on those days and be healed, and not on the Sabbath day!”

1315 Therefore the Lord answered him, “You hypocrites! Doesn’t each one of you free his ox or his donkey from the stall on the Sabbath, and lead him away to water?  1316 Ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham whom Satan had bound eighteen long years, be freed from this bondage on the Sabbath day?” 

1317 As he said these things, all his adversaries were disappointed and all the multitude rejoiced for all the glorious things that were done by him.

1318 He said, “What is God’s Kingdom like? To what shall I compare it?  1319 It is like a grain of mustard seed which a man took and put in his own garden. It grew and became a large tree, and the birds of the sky live in its branches.”

1320 Again he said, “To what shall I compare God’s Kingdom?  1321 It is like yeast, which a woman took and hid in three measures [7] of flour, until it was all leavened.”

1322 He went on his way through cities and villages, teaching, and traveling on to Jerusalem. 1323 One said to him, “Lord, are they few who are saved?”

He said to them, 24 “Strive to enter in by the narrow door, for many, I tell you, will seek to enter in and will not be able.  1325 When once the master of the house has risen up, and has shut the door, and you begin to stand outside and to knock at the door, saying, ‘Lord, Lord, open to us!’ then he will answer and tell you, ‘I don’t know you or where you come from.’  1326 Then you will begin to say, ‘We ate and drank in your presence, and you taught in our streets.’  1327 He will say, ‘I tell you, I don’t know where you come from. Depart from me, all you workers of iniquity.’  1328 There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth when you see Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and all the prophets in God’s Kingdom, and yourselves being thrown outside.  1329 They will come from the east, west, north, and south, and will sit down in God’s Kingdom.  1330 Behold, there are some who are last who will be first, and there are some who are first who will be last.”

1331 On that same day, some Pharisees came, saying to him, “Get out of here, and go away, for Herod wants to kill you.”

1332 He said to them, “Go and tell that fox, ‘Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I complete my mission.  1333 Nevertheless I must go on my way today and tomorrow and the next day, for it can’t be that a prophet would perish outside of Jerusalem.’

1334 “Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, like a hen gathers her own brood under her wings, and you refused!  1335  Behold, your house is left to you desolate. I tell you, you will not see me until you say, ‘Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!’”

Chapter 14

141 When he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath to eat bread, they were watching him. 142 Behold, a certain man who had dropsy was in front of him. 143 Jesus, answering, spoke to the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”

144 But they were silent.

He took him, and healed him, and let him go. 145 He answered them, “Which of you, if your son or an ox fell into a well, wouldn’t immediately pull him out on a Sabbath day?”

146 They couldn’t answer him regarding these things.

147 He spoke a parable to those who were invited, when he noticed how they chose the best seats, and said to them, 148 “When you are invited by anyone to a wedding feast, don’t sit in the best seat, since perhaps someone more honorable than you might be invited by him,  149 and he who invited both of you would come and tell you, ‘Make room for this person.’ Then you would begin, with shame, to take the lowest place.  1410 But when you are invited, go and sit in the lowest place, so that when he who invited you comes, he may tell you, ‘Friend, move up higher.’ Then you will be honored in the presence of all who sit at the table with you.  1411 For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.”

12 He also said to the one who had invited him, “When you make a dinner or a supper, don’t call your friends, nor your brothers, nor your kinsmen, nor rich neighbors, or perhaps they might also return the favor, and pay you back.  13 But when you make a feast, ask the poor, the maimed, the lame, or the blind; 14 and you will be blessed, because they don’t have the resources to repay you. For you will be repaid in the resurrection of the righteous.”   ( . . . )

Chapter 15

151 Now all the tax collectors and sinners were coming close to him to hear him. 152 The Pharisees and the scribes murmured, saying, “This man welcomes sinners, and eats with them.”

153 He told them this parable. 154 “Which of you men, if you had one hundred sheep, and lost one of them, wouldn’t leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness, and go after the one that was lost, until he found it?  155 When he has found it, he carries it on his shoulders, rejoicing.  156 When he comes home, he calls together his friends and his neighbors, saying to them, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep which was lost!’  157 I tell you that even so there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents, than over ninety-nine righteous people who need no repentance.  158 Or what woman, if she had ten drachma[8] coins, if she lost one drachma coin, wouldn’t light a lamp, sweep the house, and seek diligently until she found it?  159 When she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found the drachma which I had lost.’  1510 Even so, I tell you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner repenting.”

1511 He said, “A certain man had two sons.  1512 The younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me my share of your property.’ He divided his livelihood between them.  1513 Not many days after, the younger son gathered all of this together and traveled into a far country. There he wasted his property with riotous living.  1514 When he had spent all of it, there arose a severe famine in that country, and he began to be in need.  1515 He went and joined himself to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed pigs.  1516 He wanted to fill his belly with the husks that the pigs ate, but no one gave him any.  1517 But when he came to himself he said, ‘How many hired servants of my father’s have bread enough to spare, and I’m dying with hunger!  1518 I will get up and go to my father, and will tell him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight.  1519 I am no more worthy to be called your son. Make me as one of your hired servants.”’

1520 “He arose, and came to his father. But while he was still far off, his father saw him, and was moved with compassion, and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him.  1521 The son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven and in your sight. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’

1522 “But the father said to his servants, ‘Bring out the best robe, and put it on him. Put a ring on his hand, and sandals on his feet.  1523 Bring the fattened calf, kill it, and let’s eat, and celebrate;  1524 for this, my son, was dead, and is alive again. He was lost, and is found.’ Then they began to celebrate.

1525 “Now his elder son was in the field. As he came near to the house, he heard music and dancing.  1526 He called one of the servants to him, and asked what was going on.  1527 He said to him, ‘Your brother has come, and your father has killed the fattened calf, because he has received him back safe and healthy.’  1528 But he was angry, and would not go in. Therefore his father came out, and begged him.  1529 But he answered his father, ‘Behold, these many years I have served you, and I never disobeyed a commandment of yours, but you never gave me a goat, that I might celebrate with my friends.  1530 But when this your son came, who has devoured your living with prostitutes, you killed the fattened calf for him.’

1531 “He said to him, ‘Son, you are always with me, and all that is mine is yours.  1532  1 But it was appropriate to celebrate and be glad, for this, your brother, was dead, and is alive again. He was lost, and is found.’”

Chapter 16

161 He also said to his disciples, ( . . . ) 1619  “Now there was a certain rich man, and he was clothed in purple and fine linen, living in luxury every day.  20 A certain beggar, named Lazarus, was taken to his gate, full of sores,  1621 and desiring to be fed with the crumbs that fell from the rich man’s table. Yes, even the dogs came and licked his sores.  1622 The beggar died, and he was carried away by the angels to Abraham’s bosom. The rich man also died, and was buried. 623 In Hades, he lifted up his eyes, being in torment, and saw Abraham far off, and Lazarus at his bosom.  1624 He cried and said, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue! For I am in anguish in this flame.’

1625 “But Abraham said, ‘Son, remember that you, in your lifetime, received your good things, and Lazarus, in the same way, bad things. But here he is now comforted, and you are in anguish.  1626 Besides all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed, that those who want to pass from here to you are not able, and that no one may cross over from there to us.’

1627 “He said, ‘I ask you therefore, father, that you would send him to my father’s house;  1628  for I have five brothers, that he may testify to them, so they won’t also come into this place of torment.’

1629 “But Abraham said to him, ‘They have Moses and the prophets. Let them listen to them.’

1630 “He said, ‘No, father Abraham, but if one goes to them from the dead, they will repent.’

1631 16 “He said to him, ‘If they don’t listen to Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded if one rises from the dead.’”

Chapter 17

171 He said to the disciples, “It is impossible that no occasions of stumbling should come, but woe to him through whom they come!  172 It would be better for him if a millstone were hung around his neck, and he were thrown into the sea, rather than that he should cause one of these little ones to stumble.  173 Be careful. If your brother sins against you, rebuke him. If he repents, forgive him.  174 If he sins against you seven times in the day, and seven times returns, saying, ‘I repent,’ you shall forgive him.”

175 The apostles said to the Lord, “Increase our faith.”

176 The Lord said, “If you had faith like a grain of mustard seed, you would tell this sycamore tree, ‘Be uprooted, and be planted in the sea,’ and it would obey you.  177 But who is there among you, having a servant plowing or keeping sheep, that will say when he comes in from the field, ‘Come immediately and sit down at the table,’ 178 and will not rather tell him, ‘Prepare my supper, clothe yourself properly, and serve me, while I eat and drink. Afterward you shall eat and drink’?  179 Does he thank that servant because he did the things that were commanded? I think not.  1710 Even so you also, when you have done all the things that are commanded you, say, ‘We are unworthy servants. We have done our duty.’” 

1711 As he was on his way to Jerusalem, he was passing along the borders of Samaria and Galilee. 1712 As he entered into a certain village, ten men who were lepers met him, who stood at a distance. 1713 They lifted up their voices, saying, “Jesus, Master, have mercy on us!”

1714 When he saw them, he said to them, “Go and show yourselves to the priests.” As they went, they were cleansed. 1715 One of them, when he saw that he was healed, turned back, glorifying God with a loud voice. 1716 He fell on his face at Jesus’ feet, giving him thanks; and he was a Samaritan. 1717 Jesus answered, “Weren’t the ten cleansed? But where are the nine?  1718 Were there none found who returned to give glory to God, except this foreigner?” 1719 Then he said to him, “Get up, and go your way. Your faith has healed you.”  

( . . . )

Chapter 18

181 He also spoke a parable to them that they must always pray, and not give up, 182 saying, “There was a judge in a certain city who didn’t fear God, and didn’t respect man.  183 A widow was in that city, and she often came to him, saying, ‘Defend me from my adversary!’  184 He wouldn’t for a while, but afterward he said to himself, ‘Though I neither fear God, nor respect man,  185 yet because this widow bothers me, I will defend her, or else she will wear me out by her continual coming.’”

186 The Lord said, “Listen to what the unrighteous judge says.  187 Won’t God avenge his chosen ones who are crying out to him day and night, and yet he exercises patience with them?  188 I tell you that he will avenge them quickly. Nevertheless, when the Son of Man comes, will he find faith on the earth?”

9 He spoke also this parable to certain people who were convinced of their own righteousness, and who despised all others. 1810 “Two men went up into the temple to pray; one was a Pharisee, and the other was a tax collector.  1811 The Pharisee stood and prayed to himself like this: ‘God, I thank you that I am not like the rest of men, extortionists, unrighteous, adulterers, or even like this tax collector.  1812 I fast twice a week. I give tithes of all that I get.’  1813 But the tax collector, standing far away, wouldn’t even lift up his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast, saying, ‘God, be merciful to me, a sinner!’  1814 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other; for everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but he who humbles himself will be exalted.”

1815 They were also bringing their babies to him, that he might touch them. But when the disciples saw it, they rebuked them. 1816 Jesus summoned them, saying, “Allow the little children to come to me, and don’t hinder them, for God’s Kingdom belongs to such as these.  1817 Most certainly, I tell you, whoever doesn’t receive God’s Kingdom like a little child, he will in no way enter into it.”

1818 A certain ruler asked him, saying, “Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?”

1819 Jesus asked him, “Why do you call me good? No one is good, except one: God.  1820 You know the commandments: ‘Don’t commit adultery,’ ‘Don’t murder,’ ‘Don’t steal,’ ‘Don’t give false testimony,’ ‘Honor your father and your mother.’”

1821 He said, “I have observed all these things from my youth up.”

1822 When Jesus heard these things, he said to him, “You still lack one thing. Sell all that you have, and distribute it to the poor. Then you will have treasure in heaven; then come, follow me.”

1823 But when he heard these things, he became very sad, for he was very rich.

1824 Jesus, seeing that he became very sad, said, “How hard it is for those who have riches to enter into God’s Kingdom!  1825 For it is easier for a camel to enter in through a needle’s eye than for a rich man to enter into God’s Kingdom.”

1826 Those who heard it said, “Then who can be saved?”

1827 But he said, “The things which are impossible with men are possible with God.”

1828 Peter said, “Look, we have left everything and followed you.”

1829 He said to them, “Most certainly I tell you, there is no one who has left house, or wife, or brothers, or parents, or children, for God’s Kingdom’s sake, 830 who will not receive many times more in this time, and in the world to come, eternal life.”

1831 He took the twelve aside, and said to them, “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and all the things that are written through the prophets concerning the Son of Man will be completed.  1832 For he will be delivered up to the Gentiles, will be mocked, treated shamefully, and spit on.  1833 They will scourge and kill him. On the third day, he will rise again.”

1834 They understood none of these things. This saying was hidden from them, and they didn’t understand the things that were said. 1835 As he came near Jericho, a certain blind man sat by the road, begging. 1836 Hearing a multitude going by, he asked what this meant. 1837 They told him that Jesus of Nazareth was passing by. 1838 He cried out, “Jesus, you son of David, have mercy on me!” 1839 Those who led the way rebuked him, that he should be quiet; but he cried out all the more, “You son of David, have mercy on me!”

1840 Standing still, Jesus commanded him to be brought to him. When he had come near, he asked him, 1841 “What do you want me to do?”

He said, “Lord, that I may see again.”

1842 Jesus said to him, “Receive your sight. Your faith has healed you.” 

1843 Immediately he received his sight and followed him, glorifying God. All the people, when they saw it, praised God. 18

Chapter 19

191 He entered and was passing through Jericho. 192 There was a man named Zacchaeus. He was a chief tax collector, and he was rich. 193 He was trying to see who Jesus was, and couldn’t because of the crowd, because he was short. 194 He ran on ahead, and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see him, for he was going to pass that way. 195 When Jesus came to the place, he looked up and saw him, and said to him, “Zacchaeus, hurry and come down, for today I must stay at your house.”  196 He hurried, came down, and received him joyfully. 197 When they saw it, they all murmured, saying, “He has gone in to lodge with a man who is a sinner.”

198 Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord, half of my goods I give to the poor. If I have wrongfully exacted anything of anyone, I restore four times as much.”

199 Jesus said to him, “Today, salvation has come to this house, because he also is a son of Abraham.  1910 For the Son of Man came to seek and to save that which was lost.”  ( . . . )

1929 When he came near to Bethsphage and Bethany, at the mountain that is called Olivet, he sent two of his disciples, 1930 saying, “Go your way into the village on the other side, in which, as you enter, you will find a colt tied, which no man had ever sat upon. Untie it and bring it.  1931 If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ say to him: ‘The Lord needs it.’”

1932 Those who were sent went away, and found things just as he had told them. 1933 As they were untying the colt, its owners said to them, “Why are you untying the colt?” 1934 They said, “The Lord needs it.” 1935 Then they brought it to Jesus. They threw their cloaks on the colt, and sat Jesus on them. 1936 As he went, they spread their cloaks on the road. 1937 As he was now getting near, at the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works which they had seen, 1938 saying, “Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven, and glory in the highest!”

1939 Some of the Pharisees from the multitude said to him, “Teacher, rebuke your disciples!”

1940 He answered them, “I tell you that if these were silent, the stones would cry out.”

1941 When he came near, he saw the city and wept over it, 1942 saying, “If you, even you, had known today the things which belong to your peace! But now, they are hidden from your eyes.  1943 For the days will come on you, when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you, surround you, hem you in on every side, 1944 and will dash you and your children within you to the ground. They will not leave in you one stone on another, because you didn’t know the time of your visitation.”

1945 He entered into the temple, and began to drive out those who bought and sold in it, 1946 saying to them, “It is written, ‘My house is a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a ‘den of robbers’!”

1947 He was teaching daily in the temple, but the chief priests, the scribes, and the leading men among the people sought to destroy him. 1948 They couldn’t find what they might do, for all the people hung on to every word that he said. 19

Chapter 20

201 On one of those days, as he was teaching the people in the temple and preaching the Good News, the priests and scribes came to him with the elders. 202 They asked him, “Tell us: by what authority do you do these things? Or who is giving you this authority?”

203 He answered them, “I also will ask you one question. Tell me:  204 the baptism of John, was it from heaven, or from men?”

205 They reasoned with themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Why didn’t you believe him?’ 206 But if we say, ‘From men,’ all the people will stone us, for they are persuaded that John was a prophet.” 207 They answered that they didn’t know where it was from.

208 Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.”

209 He began to tell the people this parable. “A man planted a vineyard, and rented it out to some farmers, and went into another country for a long time.  2010 At the proper season, he sent a servant to the farmers to collect his share of the fruit of the vineyard. But the farmers beat him, and sent him away empty.  2011 He sent yet another servant, and they also beat him, and treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty.  2012 He sent yet a third, and they also wounded him, and threw him out.  2013 The lord of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. It may be that seeing him, they will respect him.’

2014 “But when the farmers saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.’  2015 They threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. What therefore will the lord of the vineyard do to them?  2016 He will come and destroy these farmers, and will give the vineyard to others.”

When they heard that, they said, “May that never be!”

2017 But he looked at them and said, “Then what is this that is written,

‘The stone which the builders rejected was made the chief cornerstone’?

Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, but it will crush whomever it falls on to dust.”

2019 The chief priests and the scribes sought to lay hands on him that very hour, but they feared the people—for they knew he had spoken this parable against them. 2020 They watched him and sent out spies, who pretended to be righteous, that they might trap him in something he said, so as to deliver him up to the power and authority of the governor. 2021 They asked him, “Teacher, we know that you say and teach what is right, and aren’t partial to anyone, but truly teach the way of God. 2022 Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?”

2023 But he perceived their craftiness, and said to them, “Why do you test me?  2024 Show me a denarius. Whose image and inscription are on it?” 

They answered, “Caesar’s.”

2025 He said to them, “Then give to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”

2026 They weren’t able to trap him in his words before the people. They marveled at his answer and were silent. 2027 Some of the Sadducees came to him, those who deny that there is a resurrection. 2028 They asked him, “Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a man’s brother dies having a wife, and he is childless, his brother should take the wife and raise up children for his brother. 2029 There were therefore seven brothers. The first took a wife, and died childless. 2030 The second took her as wife, and he died childless. 2031 The third took her, and likewise the seven all left no children, and died. 2032 Afterward the woman also died. 2033 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them will she be? For the seven had her as a wife.”

2034 Jesus said to them, “The children of this age marry, and are given in marriage. 35 But those who are considered worthy to attain to that age and the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage.  2036 For they can’t die any more, for they are like the angels, and are children of God, being children of the resurrection.  2037 But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed at the bush, when he called the Lord ‘The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ 2038 Now he is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for all are alive to him.”

2039 Some of the scribes answered, “Teacher, you speak well.” 2040 They didn’t dare to ask him any more questions.

2041 He said to them, “Why do they say that the Christ is David’s son?  2042 David himself says in the book of Psalms, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies the footstool of your feet.”’ “David therefore calls him Lord, so how is he his son?”

2045 In the hearing of all the people, he said to his disciples, 2046 “Beware of those scribes who like to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the marketplaces, the best seats in the synagogues, and the best places at feasts; 4720 who devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayers: these will receive greater condemnation.”

Chapter 21

211 He looked up and saw the rich people who were putting their gifts into the treasury. 212 He saw a certain poor widow casting in two small brass coins.[9] 213 He said, “Truly I tell you, this poor widow put in more than all of them, 4 for all these put in gifts for God from their abundance, but she, out of her poverty, put in all that she had to live on.”

215 As some were talking about the temple and how it was decorated with beautiful stones and gifts, he said, 216 “As for these things which you see, the days will come, in which there will not be left here one stone on another that will not be thrown down.”

217 They asked him, “Teacher, so when will these things be? What is the sign that these things are about to happen?” [10] 

218 He said, “Watch out that you don’t get led astray, for many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am he,’ and, ‘The time is at hand.’ Therefore don’t follow them.  219 When you hear of wars and disturbances, don’t be terrified, for these things must happen first, but the end won’t come immediately.”

2110 Then he said to them, “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom.  2111 There will be great earthquakes, famines, and plagues in various places. There will be terrors and great signs from heaven.  2112 But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and will persecute you, delivering you up to synagogues and prisons, bringing you before kings and governors for my name’s sake.  2113 It will turn out as a testimony for you.  2114 Settle it therefore in your hearts not to meditate beforehand how to answer, 2115 for I will give you a mouth and wisdom which all your adversaries will not be able to withstand or to contradict.  2116 You will be handed over even by parents, brothers, relatives, and friends. They will cause some of you to be put to death.  2117 You will be hated by all men for my name’s sake.  2118 And not a hair of your head will perish.

2119 “By your endurance you will win your lives.

2120 “But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is at hand.  2121 Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. Let those who are in the middle of her depart. Let those who are in the country not enter therein.  2122 For these are days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled.  2123 Woe to those who are pregnant and to those who nurse infants in those days! For there will be great distress in the land, and wrath to this people.   2124 They will fall by the edge of the sword, and will be led captive into all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled down by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. [11]

( . . . )

2129 He told them a parable. “See the fig tree and all the trees. 2130 When they are already budding, you see it and know by your own selves that the summer is already near.  2131 Even so you also, when you see these things happening, know that God’s Kingdom is near.  2132 Most certainly I tell you, this generation will not pass away until all things are accomplished.  2133 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will by no means pass away.

2134 “So be careful, or your hearts will be loaded down with carousing, drunkenness, and cares of this life, and that day will come on you suddenly.  2135 For it will come like a snare on all those who dwell on the surface of all the earth.  2136 Therefore be watchful all the time, praying that you may be counted worthy to escape all these things that will happen, and to stand before the Son of Man.”

2137 Every day Jesus was teaching in the temple, and every night he would go out and spend the night on the mountain that is called Olivet. 2138 All the people came early in the morning to him in the temple to hear him. 21

Chapter 22

221 Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the Passover, was approaching. 222 The chief priests and the scribes sought how they might put him to death, for they feared the people. 223 Satan entered into Judas, who was also called Iscariot, who was counted with the twelve. 224 He went away, and talked with the chief priests and captains about how he might deliver him to them. 225 They were glad, and agreed to give him money. 226 He consented, and sought an opportunity to deliver him to them in the absence of the multitude. 227 The day of unleavened bread came, on which the Passover must be sacrificed. 228 Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat.”

229 They said to him, “Where do you want us to prepare?”

2210 He said to them, “Behold, when you have entered into the city, a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you. Follow him into the house which he enters.  2211 Tell the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says to you, “Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?”’  2212 He will show you a large, furnished upper room. Make preparations there.”

2213 They went, found things as Jesus had told them, and they prepared the Passover. 2214 When the hour had come, he sat down with the twelve apostles. 2215 He said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer,  2216  for I tell you, I will no longer by any means eat of it until it is fulfilled in God’s Kingdom.” 2217 He received a cup, and when he had given thanks, he said, “Take this, and share it among yourselves,  2218  for I tell you, I will not drink at all again from the fruit of the vine, until God’s Kingdom comes.”

2219 He took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke, and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body which is given for you. Do this in memory of me.” 2220 Likewise, he took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant[12] in my blood, which is poured out for you.  2221 But behold, the hand of him who betrays me is with me on the table.  2222 The Son of Man indeed goes, as it has been determined, but woe to that man through whom he is betrayed!”

2223 They began to question among themselves, which of them it was who would do this thing. 2224 A dispute also arose among them, which of them was considered to be greatest. 2225 He said to them, “The kings of the nations lord it over them, and those who have authority over them are called ‘benefactors.’  2226 But not so with you. But one who is the greater among you, let him become as the younger, and one who is governing, as one who serves.  2227 For who is greater, one who sits at the table, or one who serves? Isn’t it he who sits at the table? But I am among you as one who serves.  2228 But you are those who have continued with me in my trials.  2229 I confer on you a kingdom, even as my Father conferred on me, 30 that you may eat and drink at my table in my Kingdom. You will sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”

2231 The Lord said, “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan asked to have all of you, that he might sift you as wheat, 32 but I prayed for you, that your faith wouldn’t fail. You, when once you have turned again, establish your brothers.”[13]

2233 He said to him, “Lord, I am ready to go with you both to prison and to death!”

2234 He said, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will by no means crow today until you deny that you know me three times.”

2235 He said to them, “When I sent you out without purse, wallet, and sandals, did you lack anything?”

They said, “Nothing.”

2236 Then he said to them, “But now, whoever has a purse, let him take it, and likewise a wallet. Whoever has none, let him sell his cloak, and buy a sword.  2237 For I tell you that this which is written must still be fulfilled in me: ‘He was counted with transgressors.’ For that which concerns me has an end.”

2238 They said, “Lord, behold, here are two swords.”

He said to them, “That is enough.”

2239 He came out and went, as his custom was, to the Mount of Olives. His disciples also followed him. 2240 When he was at the place, he said to them, “Pray that you don’t enter into temptation.”

2241 He was withdrawn from them about a stone’s throw, and he knelt down and prayed, 2242 saying, “Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me. Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done.”

2243 An angel from heaven appeared to him, strengthening him. 2244 Being in agony he prayed more earnestly. His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down on the ground.

2245 When he rose up from his prayer, he came to the disciples, and found them sleeping because of grief, 2246 and said to them, “Why do you sleep? Rise and pray that you may not enter into temptation.”

2247 While he was still speaking, behold, a multitude, and he who was called Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them. He came near to Jesus to kiss him. 2248 But Jesus said to him, “Judas, do you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?”

2249 When those who were around him saw what was about to happen, they said to him, “Lord, shall we strike with the sword?” 2250 A certain one of them struck the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear.

2251 But Jesus answered, “Let me at least do this”—and he touched his ear, and healed him. 2252 Jesus said to the chief priests, captains of the temple, and elders, who had come against him, “Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs?  2253 When I was with you in the temple daily, you didn’t stretch out your hands against me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness.” 

2254 They seized him, and led him away, and brought him into the high priest’s house. But Peter followed from a distance. 2255 When they had kindled a fire in the middle of the courtyard, and had sat down together, Peter sat among them. 2256 A certain servant girl saw him as he sat in the light, and looking intently at him, said, “This man also was with him.”

2257 He denied Jesus, saying, “Woman, I don’t know him.”

2258 After a little while someone else saw him, and said, “You also are one of them!”

But Peter answered, “Man, I am not!”

2259 After about one hour passed, another confidently affirmed, saying, “Truly this man also was with him, for he is a Galilean!”

2260 But Peter said, “Man, I don’t know what you are talking about!” Immediately, while he was still speaking, a rooster crowed. 2261 The Lord turned and looked at Peter. Then Peter remembered the Lord’s word, how he said to him, “Before the rooster crows you will deny me three times.” 2262 He went out, and wept bitterly.

2263 The men who held Jesus mocked him and beat him. 2264 Having blindfolded him, they struck him on the face and asked him, “Prophesy! Who is the one who struck you?” 2265 They spoke many other things against him, insulting him.

2266 As soon as it was day, the assembly of the elders of the people were gathered together, both chief priests and scribes, and they led him away into their council, saying, 2267 “If you are the Christ, tell us.”

But he said to them, “If I tell you, you won’t believe, 2268 and if I ask, you will in no way answer me or let me go.  2269 From now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God.”

2270 They all said, “Are you then the Son of God?”

He said to them, “You say it, because I am.”

2271 They said, “Why do we need any more witness? For we ourselves have heard from his own mouth!” 22

Chapter 23

231 The whole company of them rose up and brought him before Pilate. 232 They began to accuse him, saying, “We found this man perverting the nation, forbidding paying taxes to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ, a king.”

233 Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?”

He answered him, “So you say.”

234 Pilate said to the chief priests and the multitudes, “I find no basis for a charge against this man.”

235 But they insisted, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee even to this place.” 236 But when Pilate heard Galilee mentioned, he asked if the man was a Galilean. 237 When he found out that he was in Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem during those days.

238 Now when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceedingly glad, for he had wanted to see him for a long time, because he had heard many things about him. He hoped to see some miracle done by him. 239 He questioned him with many words, but he gave no answers. 2310 The chief priests and the scribes stood, vehemently accusing him. 2311 Herod with his soldiers humiliated him and mocked him. Dressing him in luxurious clothing, they sent him back to Pilate. 2312 Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day, for before that they were enemies with each other.

2313 Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers, and the people, 2314 and said to them, “You brought this man to me as one that perverts the people, and behold, having examined him before you, I found no basis for a charge against this man concerning those things of which you accuse him. 2315 Neither has Herod, for I sent you to him, and see, nothing worthy of death has been done by him. 2316 I will therefore chastise him and release him.”

2317 Now he had to release one prisoner to them at the feast. 2318 But they all cried out together, saying, “Away with this man! Release to us Barabbas!”— 2319 one who was thrown into prison for a certain revolt in the city, and for murder.

2320 Then Pilate spoke to them again, wanting to release Jesus, 2321 but they shouted, saying, “Crucify! Crucify him!”

2322 He said to them the third time, “Why? What evil has this man done? I have found no capital crime in him. I will therefore chastise him and release him.” 2323 But they were urgent with loud voices, asking that he might be crucified. Their voices and the voices of the chief priests prevailed. 2324 Pilate decreed that what they asked for should be done. 2325 He released him who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, for whom they asked, but he delivered Jesus up to their will.

2326 When they led him away, they grabbed one Simon of Cyrene, coming from the country, and laid on him the cross, to carry it after Jesus. 2327 A great multitude of the people followed him, including women who also mourned and lamented him. 2328 But Jesus, turning to them, said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, don’t weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children.  2329 For behold, the days are coming in which they will say, ‘Blessed are the barren, the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never nursed.’  2330 Then they will begin to tell the mountains, ‘Fall on us!’ and tell the hills, ‘Cover us.’ 31 For if they do these things in the green tree, what will be done in the dry?”

2332 There were also others, two criminals, led with him to be put to death. 2333 When they came to the place that is called “The Skull”, they crucified him there with the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left.

2334 Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they don’t know what they are doing.”

Dividing his garments among them, they cast lots. 2335 The people stood watching. The rulers with them also scoffed at him, saying, “He saved others. Let him save himself, if this is the Christ of God, his chosen one!”

2336 The soldiers also mocked him, coming to him and offering him vinegar, 2337 and saying, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!”

2338 An inscription was also written over him in letters of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew: “THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.”

2339 One of the criminals who was hanged insulted him, saying, “If you are the Christ, save yourself and us!”

2340 But the other answered, and rebuking him said, “Don’t you even fear God, seeing you are under the same condemnation? 2341 And we indeed justly, for we receive the due reward for our deeds, but this man has done nothing wrong.” 2342 He said to Jesus, “Lord, remember me when you come into your Kingdom.”

2343 Jesus said to him, “Assuredly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise.”

2344 It was now about the sixth hour,[14] and darkness came over the whole land until the ninth hour.[15] 2345 The sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was torn in two. 2346 Jesus, crying with a loud voice, said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” Having said this, he breathed his last.

2347 When the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, “Certainly this was a righteous man.” 2348 All the multitudes that came together to see this, when they saw the things that were done, returned home beating their breasts. 2349 All his acquaintances and the women who followed with him from Galilee stood at a distance, watching these things.

2350 Behold, a man named Joseph, who was a member of the council, a good and righteous man 2351 (he had not consented to their counsel and deed), from Arimathaea, a city of the Jews, who was also waiting for God’s Kingdom: 2352 this man went to Pilate, and asked for Jesus’ body. 2353 He took it down, and wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid him in a tomb that was cut in stone, where no one had ever been laid. 2354 It was the day of the Preparation, and the Sabbath was drawing near. 2355 The women, who had come with him out of Galilee, followed after, and saw the tomb, and how his body was laid. 2356 They returned and prepared spices and ointments. On the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment. 23

Chapter 24

241 But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they and some others came to the tomb, bringing the spices which they had prepared. 242 They found the stone rolled away from the tomb. 243 They entered in, and didn’t find the Lord Jesus’ body. 244 While they were greatly perplexed about this, behold, two men stood by them in dazzling clothing. 245 Becoming terrified, they bowed their faces down to the earth.

They said to them, “Why do you seek the living among the dead? 246 He isn’t here, but is risen. Remember what he told you when he was still in Galilee, 247 saying that the Son of Man must be delivered up into the hands of sinful men and be crucified, and the third day rise again?”

248 They remembered his words, 249 returned from the tomb, and told all these things to the eleven and to all the rest. 2410 Now they were Mary Magdalene, Joanna, and Mary the mother of James. The other women with them told these things to the apostles. 2411 These words seemed to them to be nonsense, and they didn’t believe them. 2412 But Peter got up and ran to the tomb. Stooping and looking in, he saw the strips of linen lying by themselves, and he departed to his home, wondering what had happened.

2413 Behold, two of them were going that very day to a village named Emmaus, which was sixty stadia[16] from Jerusalem. 2414 They talked with each other about all of these things which had happened. 2415 While they talked and questioned together, Jesus himself came near, and went with them. 2416 But their eyes were kept from recognizing him. 2417 He said to them, “What are you talking about as you walk, and are sad?”

2418 One of them, named Cleopas, answered him, “Are you the only stranger in Jerusalem who doesn’t know the things which have happened there in these days?”

2419 He said to them, “What things?”

They said to him, “The things concerning Jesus, the Nazarene, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people; 2420 and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him up to be condemned to death, and crucified him. 2421 But we were hoping that it was he who would redeem Israel. Yes, and besides all this, it is now the third day since these things happened. 2422 Also, certain women of our company amazed us, having arrived early at the tomb; 2423 and when they didn’t find his body, they came saying that they had also seen a vision of angels, who said that he was alive. 2424 Some of us went to the tomb, and found it just like the women had said, but they didn’t see him.”

2425 He said to them, “Foolish men, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken!  2426 Didn’t the Christ have to suffer these things and to enter into his glory?” 2427 Beginning from Moses and from all the prophets, he explained to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. 2428 They came near to the village where they were going, and he acted like he would go further.

2429 They urged him, saying, “Stay with us, for it is almost evening, and the day is almost over.”

He went in to stay with them. 2430 When he had sat down at the table with them, he took the bread and gave thanks. Breaking it, he gave it to them. 2431 Their eyes were opened and they recognized him, then he vanished out of their sight. 2432 They said to one another, “Weren’t our hearts burning within us, while he spoke to us along the way, and while he opened the Scriptures to us?” 2433 They rose up that very hour, returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and those who were with them, 2434 saying, “The Lord is risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!” 2435 They related the things that happened along the way, and how he was recognized by them in the breaking of the bread.

2436 As they said these things, Jesus himself stood among them, and said to them, “Peace be to you.”

2437 But they were terrified and filled with fear, and supposed that they had seen a spirit.

2438 He said to them, “Why are you troubled? Why do doubts arise in your hearts?  2439 See my hands and my feet, that it is truly me. Touch me and see, for a spirit doesn’t have flesh and bones, as you see that I have.” 2440 When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his feet. 2441 While they still didn’t believe for joy, and wondered, he said to them, “Do you have anything here to eat?”

2442 They gave him a piece of a broiled fish and some honeycomb. 2443 He took them, and ate in front of them. 2444 He said to them, “This is what I told you, while I was still with you, that all things which are written in the law of Moses, the prophets, and the psalms, concerning me must be fulfilled.”

2445 Then he opened their minds, that they might understand the Scriptures. 2446 He said to them, “Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day, 47 and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name to all the nations, beginning at Jerusalem.  2448 You are witnesses of these things.  2449 Behold, I send out the promise of my Father on you. But wait in the city of Jerusalem until you are clothed with power from on high.”  [17]

2450 He led them out as far as Bethany, and he lifted up his hands, and blessed them. 2451 While he blessed them, he withdrew from them, and was carried up into heaven. 2452 They worshiped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy, 2453 and were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.


The Acts of the Apostles

 (The Acts of the Apostles, which is usually called just Acts, was written by Luke, who also wrote the Gospel bearing his name. Acts describes important events of the early church, beginning right after Christ returned to heaven. We include much of Acts here because this transitional material is so useful in understanding how Christianity formed as a faith distinct from Judaism but based on Judaism.)

Chapter 1

11 The first book I wrote, Theophilus, concerned all that Jesus began both to do and to teach, 12 until the day in which he was received up, after he had given commandment through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen. 13 To these he also showed himself alive after he suffered, by many proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days, and speaking about God’s Kingdom. 14 Being assembled together with them, he commanded them, “Don’t depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which you heard from me.  15 For John indeed baptized in water, but you will be baptized in the Holy Spirit not many days from now.”

16 Therefore when they had come together, they asked him, “Lord, are you now restoring the kingdom to Israel?”

17 He said to them, “It isn’t for you to know times or seasons which the Father has set within his own authority.  18 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you. You will be witnesses to me in Jerusalem, in all Judea and Samaria, and to the uttermost parts of the earth.”

19 When he had said these things, as they were looking, he was taken up, and a cloud received him out of their sight. 110 While they were looking steadfastly into the sky as he went, behold, two men stood by them in white clothing, 111 who also said, “You men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into the sky? This Jesus, who was received up from you into the sky, will come back in the same way as you saw him going into the sky.”

112 Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mountain called Olivet, which is near Jerusalem, a Sabbath day’s journey away. 113 When they had come in, they went up into the upper room where they were staying; that is Peter, John, James, Andrew, Philip, Thomas, Bartholomew, Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus, Simon the Zealot, and Judas the son of James. 114 All these with one accord continued steadfastly in prayer and supplication, along with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers.

115 In these days, Peter stood up in the middle of the disciples (and the number of names was about one hundred twenty), and said, 116 “Brothers, it was necessary that this Scripture should be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke before by the mouth of David concerning Judas, who was guide to those who took Jesus. 117 For he was counted with us, and received his portion in this ministry. 118 Now this man obtained a field with the reward for his wickedness, and falling headlong, his body burst open, and all his intestines gushed out. 119 It became known to everyone who lived in Jerusalem that in their language that field was called ‘Akeldama,’ that is, ‘The field of blood.’ 120 For it is written in the book of Psalms,

‘Let his habitation be made desolate.

Let no one dwell in it;


‘Let another take his office.’

121 “Of the men therefore who have accompanied us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, 122 beginning from the baptism of John, to the day that he was received up from us, of these one must become a witness with us of his resurrection.”

123 They put forward two, Joseph called Barsabbas, who was also called Justus, and Matthias. 124 They prayed and said, “You, Lord, who know the hearts of all men, show which one of these two you have chosen 125 to take part in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas fell away, that he might go to his own place.” 126 They drew lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was counted with the eleven apostles. 1

Chapter 2

21 Now when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all with one accord in one place. 22 Suddenly there came from the sky a sound like the rushing of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. 23 Tongues like fire appeared and were distributed to them, and one sat on each of them. 24 They were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other languages, as the Spirit gave them the ability to speak. 25 Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men, from every nation under the sky. 26 When this sound was heard, the multitude came together and were bewildered, because everyone heard them speaking in his own language. 27 They were all amazed and marveled, saying to one another, “Behold, aren’t all these who speak Galileans? 28 How do we hear, everyone in our own native language? 29 Parthians, Medes, Elamites, and people from Mesopotamia, Judea, Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia, 210 Phrygia, Pamphylia, Egypt, the parts of Libya around Cyrene, visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, 211 Cretans and Arabians: we hear them speaking in our languages the mighty works of God!” 212 They were all amazed, and were perplexed, saying to one another, “What does this mean?” 213 Others, mocking, said, “They are filled with new wine.”

214 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and spoke out to them, “You men of Judea, and all you who dwell at Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and listen to my words. 215 For these aren’t drunken, as you suppose, seeing it is only the third hour of the day.[18] 216 But this is what has been spoken through the prophet Joel:

‘It will be in the last days, says God, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh.

Your sons and your daughters will prophesy. Your young men will see visions. Your old men will dream dreams.

Yes, and on my servants and on my handmaidens in those days, I will pour out my Spirit, and they will prophesy.

I will show wonders in the sky above, and signs on the earth beneath: blood, and fire, and billows of smoke.

The sun will be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and glorious day of the Lord comes.

It will be that whoever will call on the name of the Lord will be saved.’


222 “Men of Israel, hear these words! Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved by God to you by mighty works and wonders and signs which God did by him among you, even as you yourselves know, 223 him, being delivered up by the determined counsel and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by the hand of lawless men, crucified and killed; 224 whom God raised up, having freed him from the agony of death, because it was not possible that he should be held by it. 225 For David says concerning him,

‘I saw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved.

Therefore my heart was glad, and my tongue rejoiced. Moreover my flesh also will dwell in hope;

because you will not leave my soul in Hades, neither will you allow your Holy One to see decay.

You made known to me the ways of life. You will make me full of gladness with your presence.’


229 “Brothers, I may tell you freely of the patriarch David, that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 230 Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, he would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne, 231 he foreseeing this spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, that his soul wasn’t left in Hades,[19] and his flesh didn’t see decay. 232 This Jesus God raised up, to which we all are witnesses. 233 Being therefore exalted by the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this, which you now see and hear. 234 For David didn’t ascend into the heavens, but he says himself,

‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit by my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”’

236 “Let all the house of Israel therefore know certainly that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.”

237 Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?”

238 Peter said to them, “Repent, and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 239 For the promise is to you, and to your children, and to all who are far off, even as many as the Lord our God will call to himself.” 240 With many other words he testified, and exhorted them, saying, “Save yourselves from this crooked generation!”

241 Then those who gladly received his word were baptized. There were added that day about three thousand souls. 242 They continued steadfastly in the apostles’ teaching and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and prayer. 243 Fear came on every soul, and many wonders and signs were done through the apostles. 244 All who believed were together, and had all things in common. 245 They sold their possessions and goods, and distributed them to all, according as anyone had need. 246 Day by day, continuing steadfastly with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread at home, they took their food with gladness and singleness of heart, 247 praising God, and having favor with all the people. The Lord added to the assembly day by day those who were being saved. 2

Chapter 3

31 Peter and John were going up into the temple at the hour of prayer, the ninth hour.[20] 32 A certain man who was lame from his mother’s womb was being carried, whom they laid daily at the door of the temple which is called Beautiful, to ask gifts for the needy of those who entered into the temple. 33 Seeing Peter and John about to go into the temple, he asked to receive gifts for the needy. 34 Peter, fastening his eyes on him, with John, said, “Look at us.” 35 He listened to them, expecting to receive something from them. 36 But Peter said, “I have no silver or gold, but what I have, that I give you. In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, get up and walk!” 37 He took him by the right hand and raised him up. Immediately his feet and his ankle bones received strength. 38 Leaping up, he stood and began to walk. He entered with them into the temple, walking, leaping, and praising God. 39 All the people saw him walking and praising God. 310 They recognized him, that it was he who used to sit begging for gifts for the needy at the Beautiful Gate of the temple. They were filled with wonder and amazement at what had happened to him. 311 As the lame man who was healed held on to Peter and John, all the people ran together to them in the porch that is called Solomon’s, greatly wondering.

312 When Peter saw it, he responded to the people, “You men of Israel, why do you marvel at this man? Why do you fasten your eyes on us, as though by our own power or godliness we had made him walk? 313 The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the God of our fathers, has glorified his Servant Jesus, whom you delivered up, and denied in the presence of Pilate, when he had determined to release him. 314 But you denied the Holy and Righteous One and asked for a murderer to be granted to you, 315 and killed the Prince of life, whom God raised from the dead, to which we are witnesses. 316 By faith in his name, his name has made this man strong, whom you see and know. Yes, the faith which is through him has given him this perfect soundness in the presence of you all.

317 “Now, brothers,[21] I know that you did this in ignorance, as did also your rulers. 318 But the things which God announced by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he thus fulfilled.

319 “Repent therefore, and turn again, that your sins may be blotted out, so that there may come times of refreshing from the presence of the Lord, 320 and that he may send Christ Jesus, who was ordained for you before, 321 whom heaven must receive until the times of restoration of all things, which God spoke long ago by the mouth of his holy prophets. 322 For Moses indeed said to the fathers, ‘The Lord God will raise up a prophet for you from among your brothers, like me. You shall listen to him in all things whatever he says to you. 323 It will be that every soul that will not listen to that prophet will be utterly destroyed from among the people.’ 324 Yes, and all the prophets from Samuel and those who followed after, as many as have spoken, they also told of these days. 325 You are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham, ‘All the families of the earth will be blessed through your offspring.’ 326 God, having raised up his servant Jesus, sent him to you first to bless you, in turning away every one of you from your wickedness.” 3

Chapter 4

41 As they spoke to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came to them, 42 being upset because they taught the people and proclaimed in Jesus the resurrection from the dead. 43 They laid hands on them, and put them in custody until the next day, for it was now evening. 44 But many of those who heard the word believed, and the number of the men came to be about five thousand.

45 In the morning, their rulers, elders, and scribes were gathered together in Jerusalem. 46 Annas the high priest was there, with Caiaphas, John, Alexander, and as many as were relatives of the high priest. 47 When they had stood Peter and John in the middle of them, they inquired, “By what power, or in what name, have you done this?”

48 Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, “You rulers of the people, and elders of Israel, 49 if we are examined today concerning a good deed done to a crippled man, by what means this man has been healed, 410 may it be known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that in the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead, this man stands here before you whole in him. 411 He is ‘the stone which was regarded as worthless by you, the builders, which has become the head of the corner.’ 412 There is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven that is given among men, by which we must be saved!”

413 Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and had perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marveled. They recognized that they had been with Jesus. 414 Seeing the man who was healed standing with them, they could say nothing against it. 415 But when they had commanded them to go aside out of the council, they conferred among themselves, 416 saying, “What shall we do to these men? Because indeed a notable miracle has been done through them, as can be plainly seen by all who dwell in Jerusalem, and we can’t deny it. 417 But so that this spreads no further among the people, let’s threaten them, that from now on they don’t speak to anyone in this name.” 418 They called them, and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus.

419 But Peter and John answered them, “Whether it is right in the sight of God to listen to you rather than to God, judge for yourselves, 420 for we can’t help telling the things which we saw and heard.”

421 When they had further threatened them, they let them go, finding no way to punish them, because of the people; for everyone glorified God for that which was done. 422 For the man on whom this miracle of healing was performed was more than forty years old.

423 Being let go, they came to their own company and reported all that the chief priests and the elders had said to them. 424 When they heard it, they lifted up their voice to God with one accord, and said, “O Lord, you are God, who made the heaven, the earth, the sea, and all that is in them; 425 who by the mouth of your servant, David, said,

‘Why do the nations rage,

and the peoples plot a vain thing?

The kings of the earth take a stand,

and the rulers take council together,

against the Lord,

and against his Christ.’

427 “For truly, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people of Israel, were gathered together against your holy servant, Jesus, whom you anointed, 428 to do whatever your hand and your council foreordained to happen. 429 Now, Lord, look at their threats, and grant to your servants to speak your word with all boldness, 430 while you stretch out your hand to heal; and that signs and wonders may be done through the name of your holy Servant Jesus.”

431 When they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were gathered together. They were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and they spoke the word of God with boldness. 432 The multitude of those who believed were of one heart and soul. Not one of them claimed that anything of the things which he possessed was his own, but they had all things in common. 433 With great power, the apostles gave their testimony of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus. Great grace was on them all. 434 For neither was there among them any who lacked, for as many as were owners of lands or houses sold them, and brought the proceeds of the things that were sold, 435 and laid them at the apostles’ feet, and distribution was made to each, according as anyone had need. 436 Joses, who by the apostles was also called Barnabas (which is, being interpreted, Son of Encouragement), a Levite, a man of Cyprus by race, 437 having a field, sold it and brought the money and laid it at the apostles’ feet. 4

Chapter 5

51 But a certain man named Ananias, with Sapphira, his wife, sold a possession, 52 and kept back part of the price, his wife also being aware of it, then brought a certain part and laid it at the apostles’ feet. 53 But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back part of the price of the land? 54 While you kept it, didn’t it remain your own? After it was sold, wasn’t it in your power? How is it that you have conceived this thing in your heart? You haven’t lied to men, but to God.”

55 Ananias, hearing these words, fell down and died. Great fear came on all who heard these things. 56 The young men arose and wrapped him up, and they carried him out and buried him. 57 About three hours later, his wife, not knowing what had happened, came in. 58 Peter answered her, “Tell me whether you sold the land for so much.”

She said, “Yes, for so much.”

59 But Peter asked her, “How is it that you have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? Behold, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out.”

510 She fell down immediately at his feet and died. The young men came in and found her dead, and they carried her out and buried her by her husband. 511 Great fear came on the whole assembly, and on all who heard these things. 512 By the hands of the apostles many signs and wonders were done among the people. They were all with one accord in Solomon’s porch. 513 None of the rest dared to join them, however the people honored them. 514 More believers were added to the Lord, multitudes of both men and women. 515 They even carried out the sick into the streets, and laid them on cots and mattresses, so that as Peter came by, at the least his shadow might overshadow some of them. 516 The multitude also came together from the cities around Jerusalem, bringing sick people and those who were tormented by unclean spirits: and they were all healed.

517 But the high priest rose up, and all those who were with him (which is the sect of the Sadducees), and they were filled with jealousy 518 and laid hands on the apostles, then put them in public custody. 519 But an angel of the Lord opened the prison doors by night, and brought them out and said, 520 “Go stand and speak in the temple to the people all the words of this life.”

521 When they heard this, they entered into the temple about daybreak and taught. But the high priest came, and those who were with him, and called the council together, and all the senate of the children of Israel, and sent to the prison to have them brought. 522 But the officers who came didn’t find them in the prison. They returned and reported, 523 “We found the prison shut and locked, and the guards standing before the doors, but when we opened them, we found no one inside!”

524 Now when the high priest, the captain of the temple, and the chief priests heard these words, they were very perplexed about them and what might become of this. 525 One came and told them, “Behold, the men whom you put in prison are in the temple, standing and teaching the people.” 526 Then the captain went with the officers, and brought them without violence, for they were afraid that the people might stone them.

527 When they had brought them, they set them before the council. The high priest questioned them, 528 saying, “Didn’t we strictly command you not to teach in this name? Behold, you have filled Jerusalem with your teaching, and intend to bring this man’s blood on us.”

529 But Peter and the apostles answered, “We must obey God rather than men. 530 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom you killed, hanging him on a tree. 531 God exalted him with his right hand to be a Prince and a Savior, to give repentance to Israel, and remission of sins. 532 We are his witnesses of these things; and so also is the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey him.”

533 But they, when they heard this, were cut to the heart, and were determined to kill them. 534 But one stood up in the council, a Pharisee named Gamaliel, a teacher of the law, honored by all the people, and commanded to put the apostles out for a little while. 535 He said to them, “You men of Israel, be careful concerning these men, what you are about to do. 536 For before these days Theudas rose up, making himself out to be somebody; to whom a number of men, about four hundred, joined themselves. He was slain; and all, as many as obeyed him, were dispersed, and came to nothing. 537 After this man, Judas of Galilee rose up in the days of the enrollment, and drew away some people after him. He also perished, and all, as many as obeyed him, were scattered abroad. 538 Now I tell you, withdraw from these men, and leave them alone. For if this counsel or this work is of men, it will be overthrown. 539 But if it is of God, you will not be able to overthrow it, and you would be found even to be fighting against God!”

540 They agreed with him. Summoning the apostles, they beat them and commanded them not to speak in the name of Jesus, and let them go. 541 They therefore departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer dishonor for Jesus’ name.

542 Every day, in the temple and at home, they never stopped teaching and preaching Jesus, the Christ. 5

Chapter 6

61 Now in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplying, a complaint arose from the Hellenists[22] against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily service. 62 The twelve summoned the multitude of the disciples and said, “It is not appropriate for us to forsake the word of God and serve tables. 63 Therefore select from among you, brothers, seven men of good report, full of the Holy Spirit and of wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business. 64 But we will continue steadfastly in prayer and in the ministry of the word.”

65 These words pleased the whole multitude. They chose Stephen, a man full of faith and of the Holy Spirit, Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, and Nicolaus, a proselyte of Antioch; 66 whom they set before the apostles. When they had prayed, they laid their hands on them. 67 The word of God increased and the number of the disciples greatly multiplied in Jerusalem. A great company of the priests were obedient to the faith.

68 Stephen, full of faith and power, performed great wonders and signs among the people. 69 But some of those who were of the synagogue called “The Libertines”, and of the Cyrenians, of the Alexandrians, and of those of Cilicia and Asia arose, disputing with Stephen. 610 They weren’t able to withstand the wisdom and the Spirit by which he spoke. 611 Then they secretly induced men to say, “We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses and God.” 612 They stirred up the people, the elders, and the scribes, and came against him and seized him, then brought him in to the council, 613 and set up false witnesses who said, “This man never stops speaking blasphemous words against this holy place and the law. 614 For we have heard him say that this Jesus of Nazareth will destroy this place, and will change the customs which Moses delivered to us.” 615 All who sat in the council, fastening their eyes on him, saw his face like it was the face of an angel. 6

Chapter 7

71 The high priest said, “Are these things so?”

72 He said, “Brothers and fathers, listen. The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham when he was in Mesopotamia, before he lived in Haran, 73 and said to him, ‘Get out of your land and away from your relatives, and come into a land which I will show you.’ 74 Then he came out of the land of the Chaldaeans and lived in Haran. From there, when his father was dead, God moved him into this land, where you are now living. 75 He gave him no inheritance in it, no, not so much as to set his foot on. He promised that he would give it to him for a possession, and to his offspring after him, when he still had no child. 76 God spoke in this way: that his offspring would live as aliens in a strange land, and that they would be enslaved and mistreated for four hundred years. 77 ‘I will judge the nation to which they will be in bondage,’ said God, ‘and after that they will come out, and serve me in this place.’ 78 He gave him the covenant of circumcision. So Abraham became the father of Isaac, and circumcised him the eighth day. Isaac became the father of Jacob, and Jacob became the father of the twelve patriarchs.

79 “The patriarchs, moved with jealousy against Joseph, sold him into Egypt. God was with him, 710 and delivered him out of all his afflictions, and gave him favor and wisdom before Pharaoh, king of Egypt. He made him governor over Egypt and all his house. 711 Now a famine came over all the land of Egypt and Canaan, and great affliction. Our fathers found no food. 712 But when Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt, he sent out our fathers the first time. 713 On the second time Joseph was made known to his brothers, and Joseph’s race was revealed to Pharaoh. 714 Joseph sent and summoned Jacob, his father, and all his relatives, seventy-five souls. 715 Jacob went down into Egypt and he died, himself and our fathers, 716 and they were brought back to Shechem, and laid in the tomb that Abraham bought for a price in silver from the children of Hamor of Shechem.

717 “But as the time of the promise came close which God had sworn to Abraham, the people grew and multiplied in Egypt, 718 until there arose a different king, who didn’t know Joseph. 719 The same took advantage of our race, and mistreated our fathers, and forced them to throw out their babies, so that they wouldn’t stay alive. 720 At that time Moses was born, and was exceedingly handsome. He was nourished three months in his father’s house. 721 When he was thrown out, Pharaoh’s daughter took him up and reared him as her own son. 722 Moses was instructed in all the wisdom of the Egyptians. He was mighty in his words and works. 723 But when he was forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brothers,[23] the children of Israel. 724 Seeing one of them suffer wrong, he defended him, and avenged him who was oppressed, striking the Egyptian. 725 He supposed that his brothers understood that God, by his hand, was giving them deliverance; but they didn’t understand.

726 “The day following, he appeared to them as they fought, and urged them to be at peace again, saying, ‘Sirs, you are brothers. Why do you wrong one another?’ 727 But he who did his neighbor wrong pushed him away, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge over us? 728 Do you want to kill me, as you killed the Egyptian yesterday?’ 729 Moses fled at this saying, and became a stranger in the land of Midian, where he became the father of two sons.

730 “When forty years were fulfilled, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in the wilderness of Mount Sinai, in a flame of fire in a bush. 731 When Moses saw it, he wondered at the sight. As he came close to see, a voice of the Lord came to him, 732 ‘I am the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ Moses trembled, and dared not look. 733 The Lord said to him, ‘Take off your sandals, for the place where you stand is holy ground. 734 I have surely seen the affliction of my people that is in Egypt, and have heard their groaning. I have come down to deliver them. Now come, I will send you into Egypt.’

735 “This Moses, whom they refused, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge?’—God has sent him as both a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the angel who appeared to him in the bush. 736 This man led them out, having worked wonders and signs in Egypt, in the Red Sea, and in the wilderness for forty years. 737 This is that Moses, who said to the children of Israel, ‘The Lord our God will raise up a prophet for you from among your brothers, like me.’ 738 This is he who was in the assembly in the wilderness with the angel that spoke to him on Mount Sinai, and with our fathers, who received living revelations to give to us, 739 to whom our fathers wouldn’t be obedient, but rejected him, and turned back in their hearts to Egypt, 740 saying to Aaron, ‘Make us gods that will go before us, for as for this Moses, who led us out of the land of Egypt, we don’t know what has become of him.’ 741 They made a calf in those days, and brought a sacrifice to the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their hands. 742 But God turned, and gave them up to serve the army of the sky,[24] as it is written in the book of the prophets,

‘Did you offer to me slain animals and sacrifices forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel?

You took up the tabernacle of Moloch, the star of your god Rephan, the figures which you made to worship.

I will carry you away beyond Babylon.’


744 “Our fathers had the tabernacle of the testimony in the wilderness, even as he who spoke to Moses commanded him to make it according to the pattern that he had seen; 745 which also our fathers, in their turn, brought in with Joshua when they entered into the possession of the nations, whom God drove out before the face of our fathers, to the days of David, 746 who found favor in the sight of God, and asked to find a habitation for the God of Jacob. 747 But Solomon built him a house. 748 However, the Most High doesn’t dwell in temples made with hands, as the prophet says,

‘heaven is my throne,

and the earth a footstool for my feet.

What kind of house will you build me?’

says the Lord.

‘Or what is the place of my rest?

Didn’t my hand make all these things?’


751 “You stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Spirit! As your fathers did, so you do. 752 Which of the prophets didn’t your fathers persecute? They killed those who foretold the coming of the Righteous One, of whom you have now become betrayers and murderers. 753 You received the law as it was ordained by angels, and didn’t keep it!”

754 Now when they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed at him with their teeth. 755 But he, being full of the Holy Spirit, looked up steadfastly into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God, 756 and said, “Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God!”

757 But they cried out with a loud voice and stopped their ears, then rushed at him with one accord. 758 They threw him out of the city and stoned him. The witnesses placed their garments at the feet of a young man named Saul. 759 They stoned Stephen as he called out, saying, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit!” 760 He kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, “Lord, don’t hold this sin against them!” When he had said this, he fell asleep. 7

Chapter 8

81 Saul was consenting to his death. A great persecution arose against the assembly which was in Jerusalem in that day. They were all scattered abroad throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria, except for the apostles. 82 Devout men buried Stephen and lamented greatly over him. 83 But Saul ravaged the assembly, entering into every house and dragged both men and women off to prison. 84 Therefore those who were scattered abroad went around preaching the word. 85 Philip went down to the city of Samaria, and proclaimed to them the Christ. 86 The multitudes listened with one accord to the things that were spoken by Philip when they heard and saw the signs which he did. 87 For unclean spirits came out of many of those who had them. They came out, crying with a loud voice. Many who had been paralyzed and lame were healed. 88 There was great joy in that city.

89 But there was a certain man, Simon by name, who used to practice sorcery in the city and amazed the people of Samaria, making himself out to be some great one, 810 to whom they all listened, from the least to the greatest, saying, “This man is that great power of God.” 811 They listened to him, because for a long time he had amazed them with his sorceries. 812 But when they believed Philip preaching good news concerning God’s Kingdom and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women. 813 Simon himself also believed. Being baptized, he continued with Philip. Seeing signs and great miracles occurring, he was amazed.

814 Now when the apostles who were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent Peter and John to them, 815 who, when they had come down, prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Spirit; 816 for as yet he had fallen on none of them. They had only been baptized in the name of Christ Jesus. 817 Then they laid their hands on them, and they received the Holy Spirit. 818 Now when Simon saw that the Holy Spirit was given through the laying on of the apostles’ hands, he offered them money, 819 saying, “Give me also this power, that whomever I lay my hands on may receive the Holy Spirit.” 820 But Peter said to him, “May your silver perish with you, because you thought you could obtain the gift of God with money! 821 You have neither part nor lot in this matter, for your heart isn’t right before God. 822 Repent therefore of this, your wickedness, and ask God if perhaps the thought of your heart may be forgiven you. 823 For I see that you are in the poison of bitterness and in the bondage of iniquity.”

824 Simon answered, “Pray for me to the Lord, that none of the things which you have spoken happen to me.”

825 They therefore, when they had testified and spoken the word of the Lord, returned to Jerusalem, and preached the Good News to many villages of the Samaritans. 826 But an angel of the Lord spoke to Philip, saying, “Arise, and go toward the south to the way that goes down from Jerusalem to Gaza. This is a desert.”

827 He arose and went; and behold, there was a man of Ethiopia, a eunuch of great authority under Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, who was over all her treasure, who had come to Jerusalem to worship. 828 He was returning and sitting in his chariot, and was reading the prophet Isaiah.

829 The Spirit said to Philip, “Go near, and join yourself to this chariot.”

830 Philip ran to him, and heard him reading Isaiah the prophet, and said, “Do you understand what you are reading?”

831 He said, “How can I, unless someone explains it to me?” He begged Philip to come up and sit with him. 832 Now the passage of the Scripture which he was reading was this,

“He was led as a sheep to the slaughter. As a lamb before his shearer is silent, so he doesn’t open his mouth.

In his humiliation, his judgment was taken away. Who will declare His generation? For his life is taken from the earth.”

834 The eunuch answered Philip, “Who is the prophet talking about? About himself, or about someone else?”

835 Philip opened his mouth, and beginning from this Scripture, preached to him about Jesus. 836 As they went on the way, they came to some water, and the eunuch said, “Behold, here is water. What is keeping me from being baptized?”

838 He commanded the chariot to stand still, and they both went down into the water, both Philip and the eunuch, and he baptized him.

839 When they came up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord caught Philip away, and the eunuch didn’t see him any more, for he went on his way rejoicing. 840 But Philip was found at Azotus. Passing through, he preached the Good News to all the cities, until he came to Caesarea. 8

Chapter 9

91 But Saul, still breathing threats and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went to the high priest 92 and asked for letters from him to the synagogues of Damascus, that if he found any who were of the Way, whether men or women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem. 93 As he traveled, he got close to Damascus, and suddenly a light from the sky shone around him. 94 He fell on the earth, and heard a voice saying to him, “Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?”

95 He said, “Who are you, Lord?”

The Lord said, “I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting. 96 But rise up and enter into the city, then you will be told what you must do.”

97 The men who traveled with him stood speechless, hearing the sound, but seeing no one. 98 Saul arose from the ground, and when his eyes were opened, he saw no one. They led him by the hand, and brought him into Damascus. 99 He was without sight for three days, and neither ate nor drank.

910 Now there was a certain disciple at Damascus named Ananias. The Lord said to him in a vision, “Ananias!”

He said, “Behold, it’s me, Lord.”

911 The Lord said to him, “Arise, and go to the street which is called Straight, and inquire in the house of Judah for one named Saul, a man of Tarsus. For behold, he is praying, 912 and in a vision he has seen a man named Ananias coming in and laying his hands on him, that he might receive his sight.”

913 But Ananias answered, “Lord, I have heard from many about this man, how much evil he did to your saints at Jerusalem. 914 Here he has authority from the chief priests to bind all who call on your name.”

915 But the Lord said to him, “Go your way, for he is my chosen vessel to bear my name before the nations and kings, and the children of Israel.  916 For I will show him how many things he must suffer for my name’s sake.”

917 Ananias departed and entered into the house. Laying his hands on him, he said, “Brother Saul, the Lord, who appeared to you on the road by which you came, has sent me that you may receive your sight and be filled with the Holy Spirit.” 918 Immediately something like scales fell from his eyes, and he received his sight. He arose and was baptized. 919 He took food and was strengthened. Saul stayed several days with the disciples who were at Damascus. 920 Immediately in the synagogues he proclaimed the Christ, that he is the Son of God. 921 All who heard him were amazed, and said, “Isn’t this he who in Jerusalem made havoc of those who called on this name? And he had come here intending to bring them bound before the chief priests!”

922 But Saul increased more in strength, and confounded the Jews who lived at Damascus, proving that this is the Christ. 923 When many days were fulfilled, the Jews conspired together to kill him, 924 but their plot became known to Saul. They watched the gates both day and night that they might kill him, 925 but his disciples took him by night and let him down through the wall, lowering him in a basket. 926 When Saul had come to Jerusalem, he tried to join himself to the disciples; but they were all afraid of him, not believing that he was a disciple. 927 But Barnabas took him and brought him to the apostles, and declared to them how he had seen the Lord on the way, and that he had spoken to him, and how at Damascus he had preached boldly in the name of Jesus. 928 He was with them entering into Jerusalem, 929 preaching boldly in the name of the Lord Jesus. He spoke and disputed against the Hellenists,[25] but they were seeking to kill him. 930 When the brothers[26] knew it, they brought him down to Caesarea, and sent him off to Tarsus. 931 So the assemblies throughout all Judea, Galilee, and Samaria had peace, and were built up. They were multiplied, walking in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit.

932 As Peter went throughout all those parts, he came down also to the saints who lived at Lydda. 933 There he found a certain man named Aeneas, who had been bedridden for eight years, because he was paralyzed. 934 Peter said to him, “Aeneas, Jesus Christ heals you. Get up and make your bed!” Immediately he arose. 935 All who lived at Lydda and in Sharon saw him, and they turned to the Lord.

936 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which when translated, means Dorcas.[27] This woman was full of good works and acts of mercy which she did. 937 In those days, she became sick, and died. When they had washed her, they laid her in an upper room. 938 As Lydda was near Joppa, the disciples, hearing that Peter was there, sent two men to him, imploring him not to delay in coming to them. 939 Peter got up and went with them. When he had come, they brought him into the upper room. All the widows stood by him weeping, and showing the coats and garments which Dorcas had made while she was with them. 940 Peter sent them all out, and knelt down and prayed. Turning to the body, he said, “Tabitha, get up!” She opened her eyes, and when she saw Peter, she sat up. 941 He gave her his hand, and raised her up. Calling the saints and widows, he presented her alive. 942 This became known throughout all Joppa, and many believed in the Lord. 943 He stayed many days in Joppa with a tanner named Simon. 9

Chapter 10

101 Now there was a certain man in Caesarea, Cornelius by name, a centurion of what was called the Italian Regiment, 102 a devout man, and one who feared God with all his house, who gave gifts for the needy generously to the people, and always prayed to God. 103 At about the ninth hour of the day,[28] he clearly saw in a vision an angel of God coming to him, and saying to him, “Cornelius!”

104 He, fastening his eyes on him, and being frightened, said, “What is it, Lord?”

He said to him, “Your prayers and your gifts to the needy have gone up for a memorial before God. 105 Now send men to Joppa, and get Simon, who is also called Peter. 106 He is staying with a tanner named Simon, whose house is by the seaside.

107 When the angel who spoke to him had departed, Cornelius called two of his household servants and a devout soldier of those who waited on him continually. 108 Having explained everything to them, he sent them to Joppa. 109 Now on the next day as they were on their journey, and got close to the city, Peter went up on the housetop to pray at about noon. 1010 He became hungry and desired to eat, but while they were preparing, he fell into a trance. 1011 He saw heaven opened and a certain container descending to him, like a great sheet let down by four corners on the earth, 1012 in which were all kinds of four-footed animals of the earth, wild animals, reptiles, and birds of the sky. 1013 A voice came to him, “Rise, Peter, kill and eat!”

1014 But Peter said, “Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten anything that is common or unclean.”

1015 A voice came to him again the second time, “What God has cleansed, you must not call unclean.” 1016 This was done three times, and immediately the vessel was received up into heaven. 1017 Now while Peter was very perplexed in himself what the vision which he had seen might mean, behold, the men who were sent by Cornelius, having made inquiry for Simon’s house, stood before the gate, 1018 and called and asked whether Simon, who was also called Peter, was lodging there. 1019 While Peter was pondering the vision, the Spirit said to him, “Behold, three men seek you. 1020 But arise, get down, and go with them, doubting nothing; for I have sent them.”

1021 Peter went down to the men, and said, “Behold, I am he whom you seek. Why have you come?”

1022 They said, “Cornelius, a centurion, a righteous man and one who fears God, and well spoken of by all the nation of the Jews, was directed by a holy angel to invite you to his house, and to listen to what you say.” 1023 So he called them in and provided a place to stay. On the next day Peter arose and went out with them, and some of the brothers from Joppa accompanied him. 1024 On the next day they entered into Caesarea. Cornelius was waiting for them, having called together his relatives and his near friends. 1025 When Peter entered, Cornelius met him, fell down at his feet, and worshiped him. 1026 But Peter raised him up, saying, “Stand up! I myself am also a man.” 1027 As he talked with him, he went in and found many gathered together. 1028 He said to them, “You yourselves know how it is an unlawful thing for a man who is a Jew to join himself or come to one of another nation, but God has shown me that I shouldn’t call any man unholy or unclean. 1029 Therefore I also came without complaint when I was sent for. I ask therefore, why did you send for me?”

1030 Cornelius said, “Four days ago, I was fasting until this hour, and at the ninth hour,[29] I prayed in my house, and behold, a man stood before me in bright clothing, 1031 and said, ‘Cornelius, your prayer is heard, and your gifts to the needy are remembered in the sight of God. 1032 Send therefore to Joppa, and summon Simon, who is also called Peter. He is staying in the house of a tanner named Simon, by the seaside. When he comes, he will speak to you.’ 1033 Therefore I sent to you at once, and it was good of you to come. Now therefore we are all here present in the sight of God to hear all things that have been commanded you by God.”

1034 Peter opened his mouth and said, “Truly I perceive that God doesn’t show favoritism; 1035 but in every nation he who fears him and works righteousness is acceptable to him. 1036 The word which he sent to the children of Israel, preaching good news of peace by Jesus Christ—he is Lord of all— 1037 you yourselves know what happened, which was proclaimed throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached; 1038 even Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed him with the Holy Spirit and with power, who went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him. 1039 We are witnesses of everything he did both in the country of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they also killed, hanging him on a tree. 1040 God raised him up the third day, and gave him to be revealed, 1041 not to all the people, but to witnesses who were chosen before by God, to us, who ate and drank with him after he rose from the dead. 1042 He commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that this is he who is appointed by God as the Judge of the living and the dead. 1043 All the prophets testify about him, that through his name everyone who believes in him will receive remission of sins.”

1044 While Peter was still speaking these words, the Holy Spirit fell on all those who heard the word. 1045 They of the circumcision who believed were amazed, as many as came with Peter, because the gift of the Holy Spirit was also poured out on the Gentiles. 1046 For they heard them speaking in other languages and magnifying God.

Then Peter answered, 1047 “Can anyone forbid these people from being baptized with water? They have received the Holy Spirit just like us.” 1048 He commanded them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. Then they asked him to stay some days. 10

Chapter 11

111 Now the apostles and the brothers[30] who were in Judea heard that the Gentiles had also received the word of God. 112 When Peter had come up to Jerusalem, those who were of the circumcision contended with him, 113 saying, “You went in to uncircumcised men, and ate with them!”

114 But Peter began, and explained to them in order, saying, 115 “I was in the city of Joppa praying, and in a trance I saw a vision: a certain container descending, like it was a great sheet let down from heaven by four corners. It came as far as me. 116 When I had looked intently at it, I considered, and saw the four-footed animals of the earth, wild animals, creeping things, and birds of the sky. 117 I also heard a voice saying to me, ‘Rise, Peter, kill and eat!’  118 But I said, ‘Not so, Lord, for nothing unholy or unclean has ever entered into my mouth.’ 119 But a voice answered me the second time out of heaven, ‘What God has cleansed, don’t you call unclean.’ 1110 This was done three times, and all were drawn up again into heaven. 1111 Behold, immediately three men stood before the house where I was, having been sent from Caesarea to me. 1112 The Spirit told me to go with them, without discriminating. These six brothers also accompanied me, and we entered into the man’s house. 1113 He told us how he had seen the angel standing in his house, and saying to him, ‘Send to Joppa, and get Simon, who is called Peter, 1114 who will speak to you words by which you will be saved, you and all your house.’ 1115 As I began to speak, the Holy Spirit fell on them, even as on us at the beginning. 1116 I remembered the word of the Lord, how he said, ‘John indeed baptized in water, but you will be baptized in the Holy Spirit.’ 1117 If then God gave to them the same gift as us, when we believed in the Lord Jesus Christ, who was I, that I could withstand God?”

1118 When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, “Then God has also granted to the Gentiles repentance to life!”

1119 They therefore who were scattered abroad by the oppression that arose about Stephen traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch, speaking the word to no one except to Jews only. 1120 But there were some of them, men of Cyprus and Cyrene, who, when they had come to Antioch, spoke to the Hellenists,[31] preaching the Lord Jesus. 1121 The hand of the Lord was with them, and a great number believed and turned to the Lord. 1122 The report concerning them came to the ears of the assembly which was in Jerusalem. They sent out Barnabas to go as far as Antioch, 1123 who, when he had come, and had seen the grace of God, was glad. He exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart they should remain near to the Lord. 1124 For he was a good man, and full of the Holy Spirit and of faith, and many people were added to the Lord.

1125 Barnabas went out to Tarsus to look for Saul. 1126 When he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. For a whole year they were gathered together with the assembly, and taught many people. The disciples were first called Christians in Antioch.

1127 Now in these days, prophets came down from Jerusalem to Antioch. 1128 One of them named Agabus stood up, and indicated by the Spirit that there should be a great famine all over the world, which also happened in the days of Claudius. 1129 As any of the disciples had plenty, each determined to send relief to the brothers who lived in Judea; 1130 which they also did, sending it to the elders by the hands of Barnabas and Saul. 11

Chapter 12

121 Now about that time, King Herod stretched out his hands to oppress some of the assembly. 122 He killed James, the brother of John, with the sword. 123 When he saw that it pleased the Jews, he proceeded to seize Peter also. This was during the days of unleavened bread. 124 When he had arrested him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four squads of four soldiers each to guard him, intending to bring him out to the people after the Passover. 125 Peter therefore was kept in the prison, but constant prayer was made by the assembly to God for him. 126 The same night when Herod was about to bring him out, Peter was sleeping between two soldiers, bound with two chains. Guards in front of the door kept the prison.

127 And behold, an angel of the Lord stood by him, and a light shone in the cell. He struck Peter on the side, and woke him up, saying, “Stand up quickly!” His chains fell off his hands. 128 The angel said to him, “Get dressed and put on your sandals.” He did so. He said to him, “Put on your cloak and follow me.” 129 And he went out and followed him. He didn’t know that what was being done by the angel was real, but thought he saw a vision. 1210 When they were past the first and the second guard, they came to the iron gate that leads into the city, which opened to them by itself. They went out, and went down one street, and immediately the angel departed from him.

1211 When Peter had come to himself, he said, “Now I truly know that the Lord has sent out his angel and delivered me out of the hand of Herod, and from everything the Jewish people were expecting.” 1212 Thinking about that, he came to the house of Mary, the mother of John who was called Mark, where many were gathered together and were praying. 1213 When Peter knocked at the door of the gate, a servant girl named Rhoda came to answer. 1214 When she recognized Peter’s voice, she didn’t open the gate for joy, but ran in, and reported that Peter was standing in front of the gate.

1215 They said to her, “You are crazy!” But she insisted that it was so. They said, “It is his angel.” 1216 But Peter continued knocking. When they had opened, they saw him, and were amazed. 1217 But he, beckoning to them with his hand to be silent, declared to them how the Lord had brought him out of the prison. He said, “Tell these things to James and to the brothers.” Then he departed and went to another place.

1218 Now as soon as it was day, there was no small stir among the soldiers about what had become of Peter. 1219 When Herod had sought for him, and didn’t find him, he examined the guards, then commanded that they should be put to death. He went down from Judea to Caesarea, and stayed there. 1220 Now Herod was very angry with the people of Tyre and Sidon. They came with one accord to him, and, having made Blastus, the king’s personal aide, their friend, they asked for peace, because their country depended on the king’s country for food. 1221 On an appointed day, Herod dressed himself in royal clothing, sat on the throne, and gave a speech to them. 1222 The people shouted, “The voice of a god, and not of a man!” 1223 Immediately an angel of the Lord struck him, because he didn’t give God the glory. Then he was eaten by worms and died.

1224 But the word of God grew and multiplied. 1225 Barnabas and Saul returned to  Jerusalem when they had fulfilled their service, also taking with them John who was called Mark.

Chapter 13

131 Now in the assembly that was at Antioch there were some prophets and teachers: Barnabas, Simeon who was called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen the foster brother of Herod the tetrarch, and Saul. 132 As they served the Lord and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, “Separate Barnabas and Saul for me, for the work to which I have called them.”

133 Then, when they had fasted and prayed and laid their hands on them, they sent them away. 134 So, being sent out by the Holy Spirit, they went down to Seleucia. From there they sailed to Cyprus. 135 When they were at Salamis, they proclaimed God’s word in the Jewish synagogues. They also had John as their attendant. 136 When they had gone through the island to Paphos, they found a certain sorcerer, a false prophet, a Jew, whose name was Bar Jesus, 137 who was with the proconsul, Sergius Paulus, a man of understanding. This man summoned Barnabas and Saul, and sought to hear the word of God. 138 But Elymas the sorcerer (for so is his name by interpretation) withstood them, seeking to turn the proconsul away from the faith. 139 But Saul, who is also called Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, fastened his eyes on him, 1310 and said, “You son of the devil, full of all deceit and all cunning, you enemy of all righteousness, will you not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord? 1311 Now, behold, the hand of the Lord is on you, and you will be blind, not seeing the sun for a season!”

Immediately a mist and darkness fell on him. He went around seeking someone to lead him by the hand. 1312 Then the proconsul, when he saw what was done, believed, being astonished at the teaching of the Lord.

1313 Now Paul and his company set sail from Paphos, and came to Perga in Pamphylia. John departed from them and returned to Jerusalem. 1314 But they, passing on from Perga, came to Antioch of Pisidia. They went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and sat down. 1315 After the reading of the law and the prophets, the rulers of the synagogue sent to them, saying, “Brothers, if you have any word of exhortation for the people, speak.”

1316 Paul stood up, and beckoning with his hand said, “Men of Israel, and you who fear God, listen. 1317 The God of this people chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they stayed as aliens in the land of Egypt, and with an uplifted arm, he led them out of it. 1318 For a period of about forty years he put up with them in the wilderness. 1319 When he had destroyed seven nations in the land of Canaan, he gave them their land for an inheritance for about four hundred fifty years. 1320 After these things, he gave them judges until Samuel the prophet. 1321 Afterward they asked for a king, and God gave to them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years. 1322 When he had removed him, he raised up David to be their king, to whom he also testified, ‘I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after my heart, who will do all my will.’ 1323 From this man’s offspring, God has brought salvation to Israel according to his promise, 1324 before his coming, when John had first preached the baptism of repentance to Israel. 1325 As John was fulfilling his course, he said, ‘What do you suppose that I am? I am not he. But behold, one comes after me, the sandals of whose feet I am not worthy to untie.’ 1326 Brothers, children of the stock of Abraham, and those among you who fear God, the word of this salvation is sent out to you. 1327 For those who dwell in Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they didn’t know him, nor the voices of the prophets which are read every Sabbath, fulfilled them by condemning him. 1328 Though they found no cause for death, they still asked Pilate to have him killed. 1329 When they had fulfilled all things that were written about him, they took him down from the tree, and laid him in a tomb. 1330 But God raised him from the dead, 1331 and he was seen for many days by those who came up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are his witnesses to the people. 1332 We bring you good news of the promise made to the fathers, 1333 that God has fulfilled this to us, their children, in that he raised up Jesus. As it is also written in the second psalm,

‘You are my Son.

Today I have become your father.’

1334 “Concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more to return to corruption, he has spoken thus: ‘I will give you the holy and sure blessings of David.’ 1335 Therefore he says also in another psalm, ‘You will not allow your Holy One to see decay.’ 1336 For David, after he had in his own generation served the counsel of God, fell asleep, was laid with his fathers, and saw decay. 1337 But he whom God raised up saw no decay. 1338 Be it known to you therefore, brothers,[32] that through this man is proclaimed to you remission of sins, 1339 and by him everyone who believes is justified from all things, from which you could not be justified by the law of Moses. 1340 Beware therefore, lest that come on you which is spoken in the prophets:

“’Behold, you scoffers, and wonder, and perish;

for I work a work in your days, a work which you will in no way believe, if one declares it to you.’”


1342 So when the Jews went out of the synagogue, the Gentiles begged that these words might be preached to them the next Sabbath. 1343 Now when the synagogue broke up, many of the Jews and of the devout proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas; who, speaking to them, urged them to continue in the grace of God. 1344 The next Sabbath, almost the whole city was gathered together to hear the word of God. 1345 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with jealousy, and contradicted the things which were spoken by Paul, and blasphemed.

1346 Paul and Barnabas spoke out boldly, and said, “It was necessary that God’s word should be spoken to you first. Since indeed you thrust it from yourselves, and judge yourselves unworthy of eternal life, behold, we turn to the Gentiles. 1347 For so has the Lord commanded us, saying,

‘I have set you as a light for the Gentiles,

that you should bring salvation to the uttermost parts of the earth.’”

1348 As the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of God. As many as were appointed to eternal life believed. 1349 The Lord’s word was spread abroad throughout all the region. 1350 But the Jews stirred up the devout and prominent women and the chief men of the city, and stirred up a persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and threw them out of their borders. 1351 But they shook off the dust of their feet against them, and came to Iconium. 1352 The disciples were filled with joy and with the Holy Spirit. 13

Chapter 14

141 In Iconium, they entered together into the synagogue of the Jews, and so spoke that a great multitude both of Jews and of Greeks believed. 142 But the disbelieving Jews stirred up and embittered the souls of the Gentiles against the brothers. 143 Therefore they stayed there a long time, speaking boldly in the Lord, who testified to the word of his grace, granting signs and wonders to be done by their hands. 144 But the multitude of the city was divided. Part sided with the Jews, and part with the apostles. 145 When some of both the Gentiles and the Jews, with their rulers, made a violent attempt to mistreat and stone them, 146 they became aware of it and fled to the cities of Lycaonia, Lystra, Derbe, and the surrounding region. 147 There they preached the Good News.

148 At Lystra a certain man sat, impotent in his feet, a cripple from his mother’s womb, who never had walked. 149 He was listening to Paul speaking, who, fastening eyes on him, and seeing that he had faith to be made whole, 1410 said with a loud voice, “Stand upright on your feet!” He leaped up and walked. 1411 When the multitude saw what Paul had done, they lifted up their voice, saying in the language of Lycaonia, “The gods have come down to us in the likeness of men!” 1412 They called Barnabas “Jupiter”, and Paul “Mercury”, because he was the chief speaker. 1413 The priest of Jupiter, whose temple was in front of their city, brought oxen and garlands to the gates, and would have made a sacrifice along with the multitudes. 1414 But when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of it, they tore their clothes, and sprang into the multitude, crying out, 1415 “Men, why are you doing these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and bring you good news, that you should turn from these vain things to the living God, who made the sky, the earth, the sea, and all that is in them; 1416 who in the generations gone by allowed all the nations to walk in their own ways. 1417 Yet he didn’t leave himself without witness, in that he did good and gave you rains from the sky and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness.”

1418 Even saying these things, they hardly stopped the multitudes from making a sacrifice to them. 1419 But some Jews from Antioch and Iconium came there, and having persuaded the multitudes, they stoned Paul, and dragged him out of the city, supposing that he was dead.

1420 But as the disciples stood around him, he rose up, and entered into the city. On the next day he went out with Barnabas to Derbe. 1421 When they had preached the Good News to that city, and had made many disciples, they returned to Lystra, Iconium, and Antioch, 1422 strengthening the souls of the disciples, exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that through many afflictions we must enter into God’s Kingdom. 1423 When they had appointed elders for them in every assembly, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they had believed.

1424 They passed through Pisidia, and came to Pamphylia. 1425 When they had spoken the word in Perga, they went down to Attalia. 1426 From there they sailed to Antioch, from where they had been committed to the grace of God for the work which they had fulfilled. 1427 When they had arrived, and had gathered the assembly together, they reported all the things that God had done with them, and that he had opened a door of faith to the nations. 1428 They stayed there with the disciples for a long time. 14

Chapter 15

151 Some men came down from Judea and taught the brothers,[33] “Unless you are circumcised after the custom of Moses, you can’t be saved.” 152 Therefore when Paul and Barnabas had no small discord and discussion with them, they appointed Paul and Barnabas, and some others of them, to go up to Jerusalem to the apostles and elders about this question. 153 They, being sent on their way by the assembly, passed through both Phoenicia and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles. They caused great joy to all the brothers. 154 When they had come to Jerusalem, they were received by the assembly and the apostles and the elders, and they reported everything that God had done with them.

155 But some of the sect of the Pharisees who believed rose up, saying, “It is necessary to circumcise them, and to command them to keep the law of Moses.”

156 The apostles and the elders were gathered together to see about this matter. 157 When there had been much discussion, Peter rose up and said to them, “Brothers, you know that a good while ago God made a choice among you that by my mouth the nations should hear the word of the Good News and believe. 158 God, who knows the heart, testified about them, giving them the Holy Spirit, just like he did to us. 159 He made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith. 1510 Now therefore why do you tempt God, that you should put a yoke on the neck of the disciples which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear? 1511 But we believe that we are saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus, just as they are.”

1512 All the multitude kept silence, and they listened to Barnabas and Paul reporting what signs and wonders God had done among the nations through them. 1513 After they were silent, James answered, “Brothers, listen to me. 1514 Simeon has reported how God first visited the nations to take out of them a people for his name. 1515 This agrees with the words of the prophets. As it is written,

‘After these things I will return.

I will again build the tabernacle of David, which has fallen.

I will again build its ruins.

I will set it upthat the rest of men may seek after the Lord;

all the Gentiles who are called by my name,

says the Lord, who does all these things.’

1518 “All of God’s works are known to him from eternity. 1519 Therefore my judgment is that we don’t trouble those from among the Gentiles who turn to God, 1520 but that we write to them that they abstain from the pollution of idols, from sexual immorality, from what is strangled, and from blood. 1521 For Moses from generations of old has in every city those who preach him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath.”

1522 Then it seemed good to the apostles and the elders, with the whole assembly, to choose men out of their company, and send them to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas: Judas called Barsabbas, and Silas, chief men among the brothers. [34] 1523 They wrote these things by their hand:

“The apostles, the elders, and the brothers, to the brothers who are of the Gentiles in Antioch, Syria, and Cilicia: greetings. 1524 Because we have heard that some who went out from us have troubled you with words, unsettling your souls, saying, ‘You must be circumcised and keep the law,’ to whom we gave no commandment; 1525 it seemed good to us, having come to one accord, to choose out men and send them to you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul, 1526 men who have risked their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. 1527 We have sent therefore Judas and Silas, who themselves will also tell you the same things by word of mouth. 1528 For it seemed good to the Holy Spirit, and to us, to lay no greater burden on you than these necessary things: 1529 that you abstain from things sacrificed to idols, from blood, from things strangled, and from sexual immorality, from which if you keep yourselves, it will be well with you. Farewell.”

1530 So, when they were sent off, they came to Antioch. Having gathered the multitude together, they delivered the letter. 1531 When they had read it, they rejoiced over the encouragement. 1532 Judas and Silas, also being prophets themselves, encouraged the brothers with many words and strengthened them. 1533 After they had spent some time there, they were sent back with greetings from the brothers to the apostles. 1534  [35] 1535 But Paul and Barnabas stayed in Antioch, teaching and preaching the word of the Lord, with many others also.

1536 After some days Paul said to Barnabas, “Let’s return now and visit our brothers in every city in which we proclaimed the word of the Lord, to see how they are doing.” 1537 Barnabas planned to take John, who was called Mark, with them also. 1538 But Paul didn’t think that it was a good idea to take with them someone who had withdrawn from them in Pamphylia, and didn’t go with them to do the work. 1539 Then the contention grew so sharp that they separated from each other. Barnabas took Mark with him and sailed away to Cyprus, 1540 but Paul chose Silas and went out, being commended by the brothers to the grace of God. 1541 He went through Syria and Cilicia, strengthening the assemblies. 15

(The major events of Acts, including the coming of the Holy Spirit and the main issues regarding the law were addressed by this point in Acts. The remainder of Acts mostly details more of Paul’s preaching of the gospel in various cities, and his resulting trials and hearings by Jewish authorities. Eventually Paul is sent to Rome because he was a Roman citizen and had the right to appeal his case to Roman officials. Paul was allowed to teach, preach, and write under the watch of soldiers.)

Paul’s Letter to the Ephesians

(Now we present one of Paul’s letters, or epistles, to the new churches in Asia Minor, namely Ephesus. In most of his epistles Paul emphasizes basic Christianity: that we are saved by God’s grace, through belief in Christ’s sacrificial death and triumphant resurrection, not because we have earned salvation by our works. Yet, good works should still flow from every Christian’s life due to their joy in having received salvation and their desire to show God’s love to others. This point will be re-emphasized in the Letter from James, which follows this Letter to the Ephesians.)

Chapter 1

11 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, to the saints who are at Ephesus, and the faithful in Christ Jesus: 12 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

13 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in